To promote our initiatives clearly, we set forth our Chemical Substances Management Rank Guidelines, which prohibit or specify certain substances for management in terms of our products and factory activities. Companies in the Panasonic Group are requested to follow the Guidelines, and suppliers are also requested for support as necessary. In fiscal , we added Level 3 to the Chemical Substances Management Rank Guidelines For Products to review the timing for the prohibition of further substances that may adversely affect humans and the environment, in addition to the current and forthcoming prohibitions.
To minimize the environmental impact of chemical substances contained in products, we endeavor to identify chemical substances used in the components and materials of our products. We will also conduct environmental impact assessments for the managed substances contained in our products. The electrical and electric products Panasonic manufactures and sells consist of various raw materials and components supplied through a long supply chain from material manufacturers to many component manufacturers.
Management of Hazardous Substances in the Marine Environment
To contribute to the achievement of the global goals set at the WSSD, it is important for us to disclose and communicate information on the chemical substances used in our products across the supply chain, for which we must promote cross-industrial initiatives to establish and disseminate an effective system.
Approx major companies from various industries, such as chemical, component, and equipment manufacturers are also members of JAMP. We are proactively formulating, utilizing, and disseminating chemical substance management standards and systems through this organization.
We have started up a product chemical substance management system in fiscal Meanwhile, in Japan alone, the workload of upstream suppliers increased, as a number of hazardous substance inspections were carried out throughout the supply chain using own company format. Having recognized the issues obtained from the inspections, the Ministry of Economy Trade and Industry proposed a new scheme to introduce "chemSHERPA," for sharing and exchanging information on chemicals contained in components and products. With the supply chain expanding to a global scale, it is particularly important for overseas suppliers to deepen their understanding on the handling of hazardous chemical substances.
Therefore, we carried out education programs for persons in charge of chemical substance management and suppliers at more than of our business sites in ten countries including China and other Asian countries. Companies that procure electronic components need to fully understand the information on the substances contained in the components at the point of selection or usage in order to comply with the EU RoHS Directives and REACH regulations.
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In order for the companies procure electric components to speedily and effectively understand information on chemical substance contents, we have published a table of RoHS and REACH compliance status on our website since November For products covered by the Act on the Promotion of Effective Utilization of Resources of Japan, the Panasonic Group does not manufacture, import, or sell products that contain specified chemical substances which exceeds the limited value in non-exempt parts.
For more details, see Information on the Content of specified chemical substances Chemical Substances in Covered Products below. The act requires manufacturers of products containing mercury to provide information such as labelling so that such products are appropriately sorted and discharged when being disposed of. In order to communication information concerning the mercury used in our products to customers, we have established a new webpage, Information Based on the Act on the Preventing Environmental Pollution of Mercury, in May Scientifically identifying the impact on human health and the environment of products containing chemical substances is vital to the development of products with low environmental impact.
We are engaging in activities designed to assess the levels to which customers are exposed to substances of very high concern SVHC , as well as safety during product usage. To date, we have assessed effects of ceramic fibers used in certain models of commercial microwave ovens.
Management of Hazardous Substances in the Marine Environment
As part of our efforts to comply with the EU REACH regulation which requires preparing information for the safe use of products containing a certain amount of SVHC, we have created and publicized the safety assessment document. The exposure was considered to be nominal with little concern for any effects on human health. Furthermore, usage of ceramic fibers in our products was discontinued in December Fluorocarbons used as a refrigerant for freezers and air conditioners, or heat insulator, have property which may damage ozone layer, and cause global warming. We developed the technology to utilize CO 2 , which has much smaller impact than fluorocarbons, as a refrigerant and have been supplying a home boiler using CO 2 refrigerant since Although the CO 2 refrigerant is suitable for heating purposes, it was difficult to apply to refrigerators and freezers, especially in large professional equipment due to insufficient cooling efficiency and size.
However, with support from the New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization NEDO , we developed a refrigeration system using CO 2 refrigerant, and started supplying these fluorocarbon-free freezers and refrigerator display cases to supermarkets and convenience stores in Japan from Making the best use of our expertise in the Japanese market, in August we also started sales of non-fluorocarbon freezers with a horsepower capacity, in addition to our existing two-horsepower capacity products, and offered proposals designed for small stores and small warehouses in the European market, where stricter F-gas regulations and other environmental regulations are enacted.
These products have appealed to small shops and warehouses. We have conducted installation trainings in countries such as France and Germany because that the freezers were sold mainly in North Europe in the first year. Thereby, we succeeded in spreading sales of the freezer to other countries. Sales doubled over the last fiscal year. As for Asian and Oceanian markets, we are at the stage to determine whether we can place the freezer in full-scale to the markets in accordance with relevant environmental regulations and user's policy, continuing demonstration experience in Taiwan, Malaysia, and Indonesia to determine the possibility of full-scale implementation in compliance with environmental regulations and user policies.
FPW-EV, a display case compatible with a fluorocarbon-free freezer. In addition, as measures against ozone depletion caused by HCFCs, a refrigerant called R that does not deplete the ozone layer was used in room air conditioners; however, this substance has an issue of its very high very high Global Warming Potential GWP. Therefore, Panasonic developed a model that uses a new refrigerant R32, which has a lower GWP and introduced it launched sales of the model in Furthermore, PT. Only through cooperation and collaboration can we hope to create a detoxified future for everyone," said Ibrahim Thiaw, UN Environment Deputy Executive Director.
Negotiations taking place here should enable us to tackle this nexus between development and planetary health. Forty-seven chemicals make up the current list of substances deemed hazardous to human health and the environment and which are subsequently subject to the Prior Informed Consent PIC Procedure. Parties will also consider ways to strengthen the effectiveness of the Convention and seek to adopt compliance procedures and mechanisms.
For the Stockholm Convention, issues include proposals for listing decabromodiphenyl ether commercial mixture, c-decaBDE and short-chain chlorinated paraffins in Annex A for elimination as well as hexachlorobutadiene HCBD in Annex C which targets the reduction and ultimate elimination of the unintentional releases of the chemical. Among the other issues that will get priority attention of Parties to the Stockholm Convention SC is the development of compliance procedures and mechanisms, and the first ever evaluation of the effectiveness of the Convention.
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The Conference will consider the progress the Convention is making in achieving its objective of protecting human health and the environment from Persistent Organic Pollutants POPs , measured against a framework of indicators provided by the COPs. For the Basel Convention BC , the COPs will consider prevention and minimization of the generation of waste which is the subject of new guidance to assist Parties, and a set of practical manuals for the promotion of the environmentally sound management of wastes and revised fact sheets on specific waste streams all of which have been prepared by an expert group on environmentally sound management.
Other work under consideration includes two new and four updated technical guidelines for Environmentally Sound Management ESM of POPs, a glossary of terms to provide further legal clarity and guidance on dealing with illegal traffic developed by the Implementation and Compliance Committee. In potato farms in Ecuador, IPM was introduced to tackle high pesticide poisoning rates. The IPM plantations yielded as many or more potatoes, but with over 20 per cent less production costs, than plots using chemical pesticides. Reported cases of pesticide-related neurological problems also fell.
Indonesia introduced as early as thes an Integrated Pest Management programme that helped farmers to reduce the use of pesticides by over 50 per cent and increase yields by approximately 10 per cent. Better end-of-life chemicals management can also support the recovery of valuable materials from waste. This is particularly relevant to electronic waste e-waste , which is recycled or dismantled for precious metals such as gold or copper — increasingly in developing countries. E-waste recycling in developing countries is a largely unregulated sector, where workers are routinely exposed to many harmful chemicals, such as dioxins released by burning cables.
In Ghana, the introduction of safer, more efficient recycling technologies, which avoid burning, resulted in a 45 per cent increase in the revenue received per recycled desktop computer. Additionally, up to 90 per cent of ozone-depleting substances found in e-waste were recovered using improved recycling techniques.
Many countries have over the past four decades implemented legal frameworks, regulatory authorities and other measures to reduce chemical hazards. Chemicals manufacturers have also developed new methods and guidelines to strengthen such efforts. But despite such progress, the Global Chemicals Outlook states that more effort is needed at all stages of the chemicals supply chain, if the goal of the Johannesburg Plan of Implementation is to be achieved, and the related economic, environmental and health benefits realized.
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The report outlines key approaches for a global transition to improved chemicals management - particularly in developing and emerging economies:. Brazil has established a National Commission on Chemical Safety to improve coordination among government agencies, while Costa Rica has also established a similar body.
The Global Chemicals Outlook lays out other specific recommendations for countries, corporations and civil society to accelerate progress towards the goal, and ensure the sound management of chemicals. These include:. Three conventions developed under UNEP auspices together provide an international framework governing the environmentally sound management of hazardous chemicals throughout their lifecycles. The Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal was adopted in in response to concerns about toxic waste from industrialized countries being dumped in developing countries and countries with economies in transition.
Dramatic growth in chemicals production and trade during the past three decades had highlighted the potential risks posed by hazardous chemicals and pesticides.
These are highly toxic and persistent, chemicals that can bioaccumulate and move long distances in the environment. The Convention seeks the elimination or restriction of production and use of all intentionally produced POPs.
For more information on the three conventions, visit www. SAICM has as its overall objective the achievement of the sound management of chemicals throughout their life cycle so that, by , chemicals are produced and used in ways that minimize significant adverse impacts on human health and the environment. Objectives are grouped under five themes: risk reduction; knowledge and information; governance; capacity-building and technical cooperation; and illegal international traffic.
Basel Convention. Rotterdam Convention.