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The electricity generated at the Grassridge facility is bought by the grid operator under a year power purchase agreement. In line with the tender specifications, a portion of the revenue from the sale of electricity is to be used to promote enterprise and the local economy. Antoine Cahuzac, Chief Executive Officer of EDF Energies Nouvelles, commented: "The commissioning of EDF Energies Nouvelles' first wind farm in South Africa, a country that has been pursuing a major drive to promote renewable energies since , represents an important milestone in the company's international expansion. Our South African affiliate's cooperation with local partners demonstrates our desire to build solid roots and champion local development.

The South African Renewable Energy Council welcomes the conclusions of a recent CSIR report showing that the net cost of South Africa's renewable energy in was less than zero and reiterates that the industry is willing, ready and able to do much more to ease the country's electricity shortage, now predicted to lead to load shedding for the next 3 — 5 years.

Government's far-sightedness in establishing REIPPPPP in is now yielding dividends in making a measureable contribution to easing Eskom supply problems and will contribute even more as the plants presently under construction come online on a continuous basis through and beyond. Moreover, it is expected that the preferred bidders for Round 4 will be announced soon, potentially putting another 1, MW of renewable energy into the pipeline to produce electricity. The CSIR report was done on conservative assumptions and did not factor in the job creation and socio-economic benefits of the REIPPPP programme, with more than ZAR 11 billion already pledged by the industry for investment into rural communities over the next twenty years.

There are however a number of barriers to particular for roof PV projects put in place by Eskom that need to be addressed to allow even Eskom-subsidised projects to connect to the grid.

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A reasonable feed-in tariff for rooftop PV - lower than at the Eskom generation cost at Medupi and Kusile - could facilitate a number of roof to PV projects to come online, still in this year. Pancho Ndebele, also of the SAREC Board, stresses that renewable energy is the most feasible supply option that can be deployed at scale within the timeframe of the severe electricity crunch. They are ready for implementation and will be funded by private capital at very affordable rates.

Importantly, a number of these projects can be constructed and connected to the grid in a months' time frame. In light of the load shedding and fuel savings demonstrated in the CSIR study, these projects can take considerable pressure off diesel purchases and load shedding schedules.

Other supply options, when large, tend to be ten or more years away, and if smaller tend to be still more than five years away. Renewable energy is a viable part of the solution to the present supply crisis.

Her colleague James Green, who heads SESSA's solar water heater division, agreed and said that solar water heaters had the potential to significantly alleviate the electricity crisis. This a fast track for getting both GWh and peak off the grid, with payback to consumers in less than 5 years.

Africa Utility Week - Media coverage

Proponents of wind energy are equally enthused. The study was conducted against the backdrop of the Department of Energy running its procurement programme to expand the generation capacity in the country. It has already procured close to 4 MW of renewable capacity mainly wind and solar from independent power producers IPPs.

According to the chief engineer at the Integrated Energy Research Centre at the CSIR, Dr Tobias Bischof-Niemz, the study was based on actual hourly production data for the different supply categories of the power system. The first benefit, derived from diesel and coal fuel cost savings, is pinned at R3. This is because 2. The second benefit of R1. The CSIR is one of the leading scientific and technology research, development and implementation organisations in Africa. Solar resource data from these stations as well as other stations were used by the Slovakia-based company GeoModel Solar to update the existing SolarGIS satellitederived solar resource database, from which these maps are constructed.

The DNI map is used by developers of CSP concentrating solar power thermal power stations as well as CPV concentrating photovoltaic power stations to evaluate the available resource in an area for their technology.

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This is the first time in the history that such a large number of high-quality ground-measured data sets were used to update the satellite-based solar maps in Africa. In the northern part of the country, data from Sasolburg, Pretoria and Lephalale were used. This network consists of 12 radiometric measurement stations in Southern Africa and on the island of Reunion equipped with top-class instrumentation to measure solar irradiation and other meteorological parameters. The main purpose of making the data available is to promote the use of solar energy in SADC countries and to improve the accuracy of satellite-derived solar data available for the area.

The purpose of placing the maps in the public domain is to make it possible for industry and public to assess the solar resource at any site of interest in the country. By providing accurate information the maps support cost-effective decision-making already in the preliminary stages of a solar power project development. Once an area and a technology is identified, a more detail assessment is required. This is usually based on a full analysis of more than 20 years of history of satellite-derived solar data, available for the region through GeoSUN Africa.

We also thank those companies who contributed data to develop these new maps, including Eskom, Sasol, Exxaro and Ripasso. The new maps and the SAURAN network will continue to add value to the Southern African solar energy industry and research community for many years to come. Financial close has been delayed and fears are arising escalating that the viability of manufacturing facilities and the accompanying jobs and companies may be threatened if finality does not come before year end.

Uncertainty about the timing of announcing the preferred bidders for Round 3. Henk Schoeman, Business Manager of DCD explains that his company invested Rm to set up a tower manufacturing plant in Coega to ensure that towers for wind turbines are manufactured locally and local content of wind farms is raised. The plant now employs people. If anything the order book suggests plant expansion, but the present delays have extremely adverse consequences as we now have to wait with production until financial close occurs.

Moreover, our future is dependent on the comfort of our clients that the programme is proceeding. ArcelorMittal has recently adapted the lay-out and technology at their Vanderbijlpark plant in order to ensure that steel plates of the correct width to serve the wind industry tower manufacture could be made. This capital outlay likewise assumes stability and predictability in the wind sector, both factors heavily dependent on investor sentiment and potentially impacted by the present delays. In the solar photovoltaic PV industry, a similar distress is building. PV module manufacturing companies based in Cape Town and Durban, namely Jinko Solar, SolaireDirect and ARTsolar have jointly invested Rm in their facilities over the past 4 years and created local jobs, which are expected to increase to by April South African PV manufacturers are competitive in supplying foreign markets and require at least predictability in the implementation of the REIPPPP to sustain the nascent local manufacturing industry.

Should the dynamics in foreign markets change before the REIPPPP has had time to influence the development of local manufacturing value-chains in a substantial manner, these companies and the jobs they create may cease to exist. Furthermore, as South African content is not mandatory for exported modules, the local sub-supply chain for glass, aluminium and other products is also at risk without the REIPPPP. International observers and stakeholders are equally concerned. Moreover, South African companies who are part of the consortiums in Round 3.

Industry experts maintain that Round 3 closure represents a ZAR 10 billion boost to the local supply and manufacturing industry. In the low pressure solar water heating manufacturing industry, some 10 different local SABS Mark companies have collectively invested about ZAR million and are idling as they wait for policy developments, while some 30, Low Pressure SWH units are sitting in stock. At present the renewable energy industry remains hopeful that Government is still committed to resolving the blockages and has reiterated its willingness to assist where possible.

SolarReserve, a leading global developer of utility-scale solar power projects and advanced solar thermal technology, today announced that the 96 megawatt MW photovoltaic PV Jasper solar power project completed construction and is fully operational, almost two months ahead of schedule. The Jasper Project generated about 1 million man-hours during construction, peaking at over on-site construction jobs. With over , PV modules, the Jasper Project will deliver , megawatt-hours of renewable electricity annually for South Africa residents — enough to power up to 80, households through a year power purchase agreement with Eskom, the South African power utility company.

The project was developed by a consortium consisting of SolarReserve, the Kensani Group an experienced empowerment investment player in South Africa , and Intikon Energy a South African developer of renewable energy projects. Equity investment and ownership for the project was provided by a strong group of international and South African shareholders who jointly have experience in all aspects of development, funding and operations of solar energy projects.

Mark van Wyk, head of impact investing at Mergence, says the SPIPPPP provides a long-term opportunity for small businesses to play a strategic role in the alternative energy generation market. Matshekga says the programme provides a great scope for localisation, saying the partnership with Mergence will also ensure broad-based black participation in the generation of alternative energy. EThekwini Municipality in demonstrating its commitment towards a low carbon city has installed a Wp off grid solar photovoltaic system and two solar water heaters at the Municipal owned Buffelsdraai Reforestation Site Offices.

The system, designed by the eThekwini Energy Office, provides solar electricity to one office block and two staff bathrooms while two solar water heaters provide hot water to the staff bathrooms. Derek Morgan, Senior Manager at the Energy Office said "Environmental Planning and Climate Protection approached the Energy Office to come up with an energy solution in line with the goals of their project and because of the site's remoteness, small size and cost of connecting to the Municipal grid, solar was the most affordable and convenient solution".

The landfill site situated North of Durban is a flagship carbon sequestration project initiated by the city in to off-set carbon emissions associated with hosting the FIFA World Cup.

Electricity, Industry and Class in South Africa

The programme assists unemployed people from surrounding communities of Buffelsdraai and Osindisweni with employment and entrepreneurship opportunities. These communities are involved in growing the trees for the project and are subsequently known as "Treepreneurs" who set up small-scale indigenous tree nurseries at their homes. The facility serves as a holding nursery for trees before they are planted in the buffer zone area of the Landfill Site.

The project has engaged local community members, as "Treepreneurs" in the surrounding Osindisweni, Buffelsdraai, Ndwedwe and KwaMashu communities. Since inception, the project has created a total of jobs 38 full-time, 4 part-time, temporary for local community members. Communities benefiting from the project are some of the most impoverished and vulnerable in Durban.

Tina Joemat-Pettersson. The signed Agreement, besides the actual joint NPP construction, provides for comprehensive collaboration in other areas of nuclear power industry, including construction of a Russian-technology based multipurpose research reactor, assistance in the development of South-African nuclear infrastructure, education of South African nuclear specialists in Russian universities and other areas.

The joint implementation of this programme implies a broad localization of equipment for the new NPPs, which will provide for brand-new development of various areas of South-African high-tech industries, contribute to creation of new highly skilled workplaces and will allow South-African companies to further participate in ROSATOM's projects in third countries. ROSATOM sees to create in South Africa a full-scale nuclear cluster of a world leader's level - from the front-end of nuclear fuel cycle up to engineering and power equipment manufacturing.

In future this will allow to implement joint nuclear power projects in Africa and third countries. But from the very start this cooperation will be guided at providing the conditions for creation of thousands of new jobs and placing of a considerable order to local industrial enterprises worth at least 10 bln. Sergey Kirienko noticed. According to Tina Joemat-Pettersson, "South Africa today, as never before, is interested in massive development of nuclear power, which is an important driver for the national economy growth. I am sure that cooperation with Russia will allow us to implement our ambitious plans for the creation by of 9,6 GW of new nuclear capacities based on modern and safe technologies.

This agreement opens up the door for RSA to access Russian technologies, funding, infrastructure, and provides proper and solid platform for future extensive collaboration. The World Wide Fund for Nature South Africa WWF-SA has always advocated in favour of renewable energy as a necessity to combatting climate change and increasingly expensive fossil-fuel generated electricity. Its previous work has shown that investing in renewable energy, together with energy efficiency in industry, will provide cheaper electricity by than further investment in coal or nuclear power.

Continuing its work in this space, WWF-SA has commissioned a series of reports examining the state of renewable energy in South Africa, the ways in which it can be scaled up, with particular emphasis on financing, and how renewable energy has the potential to grow beyond government's efforts.

The report discusses the key aspects of the REIPPPP bidding process from various stakeholders' perspectives, highlighting and exploring the significant successes, challenges and developments that have emerged since the inception of the programme. Key non-financial themes covered include the price discovery process, the impact of the ambitious pace of the programme, grid connection challenges and local content requirements.

Renewable Energy Vision — South Africa is the first in a two-part report describing the current state of play in the renewable energy independent power producer sector in South Africa. It reports on the technology allocation of contracted projects, the current capital cost per kWh of renewable energy supplied by different renewable energy technologies, the high-level projected capital cost trajectory of these different technologies and the estimated capital cost of supplying South Africa's renewable energy ambition.

Public opinion solutions to South Africa’s electricity crisis

This should be accompanied by firmer policy positions on renewables, in particular a longer term renewable energy procurement plan. Corporate Renewable Energy Procurement in South Africa , implements a survey and case study approach to establish the quantity and type of renewable energy demand in South Africa by companies that are not independent power producers and to identify the top five drivers for this demand.

The research details existing and planned voluntary renewable energy purchases above 3 MW by companies across a wide selection of industries, demonstrating that these companies consider renewable energy a critical strategic and financial consideration that warrants investment. Additional policy mechanisms that support these drivers will allow South Africa to leverage the private sector to meet its climate change mitigation needs. The South African government says it is ready to regulate and monitor companies that have expressed an interest in exploring shale gas in the country.

Thibedi Ramontja, the Director-General of the Mineral Resources Department, said the draft regulations will, once finalised, be effective to deal with the risks that exploration might pose to the environment. The Director-General said this when briefing the Portfolio Committee on Mineral Resources on its progress in finalising the regulations for petroleum resource development.

The department first halted new applications for exploration rights in to investigate the impact that the process would have on the environment, and an interdepartmental task team was set up to head this process. After the investigation, the draft regulations for petroleum exploration and exploitation were published for public comment in October last year. Ramontja said government would consult interested and affected stakeholders next month, before finalising the regulations to allow exploration to begin.

He said while it was too soon to estimate the gas reserves, economic contribution and how many jobs the projects would create, he said companies — local and international — would not have shown interest if they did not anticipate to make profits. The Director-General also said that once shale gas will not only create a new industry, it would present South African higher education institutions with research opportunities that are expected to produce Masters Degrees and PhDs.

A new ground-mounted solar energy harvesting plant was also commissioned at the Coega IDZ as was announced by the CDC earlier this month. The R million DCD Wind Towers production facility also went online this year, and the plant will have an estimated annual production output of and wind towers. The organisation remains bullish over the future of alternative energy component manufacturing investments in the new financial year. Powerway Renewable Energy, a solar component manufacturer, signed an engineering procurement construction EPC solar power contract, valued at R1.

Work on the project is scheduled to begin at the end of August and is estimated to be completed in September. The new solar power plant will be installed on a piece of land next to the Coega Business Centre, in the IDZ and will have an annual output of 72, kWh, resulting in the reduction of almost 3. The project is all finance supported by Ministry of Science and Technology of China.

Powerway which took up occupation at its facility in September, aims to create jobs for about 2 people over the next three years. The first phase investment is valued at Rmillion with a further three phases planned for the coming years totalling a R1. Titled: The Tyranny of Realism: Integrated Energy Planning IEP in South Africa in , the publication explores some of the stratagems and dynamics at play in the contestation of our energy development pathway.

It seeks to present a coherent perspective, and to stimulate and inform broad participation in South Africa's second national IEP process currently in progress. The full report is available here. The launch of the publication concludes a short project undertaken by Project 90 by and funded by the British High Commission, and is written by South African energy policy researcher and activist, Richard Worthington.

With so many interested parties and experts proclaiming what is not realistic, we have not - at least not yet - tried to develop a coherent vision of a just transition to sustainable energy. Worthington highlights the fact that government has recently committed, in principle, to another public workshop on IEP to present analysis that will feed into multi-criteria decision-making. Professor Barend Erasmus, Director of the Global Change and Sustainability Research Institute at Wits University, says: "If we do develop very good technical solutions to the energy crisis, we are still unlikely to deliver an effective solution if there is no socio-political buy-in into the IEP process.

British High Commissioner, Judith Macgregor, says stakeholder engagement and frank contestation amongst interest groups are vital to robust development planning and democratic processes to realise the best intentions of policy. Dr Steve Lennon of Eskom, when discussing the fundamental change facing the power sector driven by the emergence of renewable and low resource intensity supply and demand technologies, concluded in an article last month: 'We just need to have more confidence in our ability to do it!

The event also saw the introduction of the Pathways Calculator project, with the aim of gathering input towards the elaboration of this educational tool. The Pathways Calculator has been developed by the Department of Environmental Affairs in partnership with the UK Department of Energy and Climate Change, and models potential allocations of a national carbon budget. It is available as a download and a web version is available here.

The flexible production facility for central inverters can be adapted quickly to changes in demand. In addition to a production line and storage facilities, the factory has a test center for central inverters. In the future, it will provide clean energy for 20, households. Additionally, SMA developed individually tailored communication solutions for each of the Kalkbult, Linde and Dreunberg PV power plants and will also take on the service and maintenance of all three PV power plants.

The clinic is dedicated to empowering pregnant women and helping them to cope with their pregnancies and babies. She manages the day to day running of the clinic along with the fundraising and providing birth support. The Clinic also has a team that supports the community by providing expectant mothers with advise as well as to checking on the health of their patients. As a passionate surfer, Margreet is currently ranked second in the country in the long board division. She has a host of female role models that she aspires to and respects; amongst these are her business partner and co-founder of the clinic; her mother, who guided her and six siblings; and Melinda Gates who is known the world over for her philanthropic work.

This would enable Suntech to quickly supply a greater volume of PV modules to meet growing demands and serve as a gateway to additional markets in the region. Suntech will provide one-stop access to the Shunfeng family of companies with capabilities in design, engineering, manufacturing, construction, finance, insurance, operation and maintenance, energy storage, solar products and applications. Suntech has delivered more than 30 million photovoltaic panels or 8 GWs of installed capacity to more than 1 thousand customers in more than 80 countries.

KaXu concentrated solar thermal plant uses parabolic trough technology, and will convert thermal energy from the sun into electricity by way of the steam cycle.