How shall we measure the consequences of fascism and its rule over Italy?
How much responsibility for it shall we lay on the mass of the Italian people? There are a number of items that weigh on either side of the balance. First of all, quite clearly, we remember that Italy—and that means the people of Italy—took to fascism when other nations as hard hit in the postwar era did not. Fascism in Italy, we recall, arrived long before the Nazis took over in Germany, and fascism taught the world and Hitler many of the tricks of totalitarian misrule—including the use of castor oil.
We remember Ethiopia and the way Italians shouted themselves hoarse sending their army off to the attack or greeting news of victories. That undisguised example of aggression not only snuffed out the independence of a free nation but also delivered a deathblow to the League of Nations. Italian aid to Franca helped overthrow democratic government in Spain where Mussolini and Hitler perfected their tactics for the second World War.
In passing we shall note that Italy treacherously seized Albania. All this can be chalked up against the Fascist government, of course; on the grounds that it was a gangster outfit that abused and misled the Italian people. Of these things the government was certainly guilty—but were the people innocent?
They were not untainted with the same guilt and they cannot escape shine share of the responsibility.
Fascism in Italy: Its Development and Influence (Making of the Twentieth Century)
They were not always opposed to what the government did in their name. They often applauded its actions and rarely showed signs of trying to stop its misrule. During the very years when fascism was at its worst in foreign aggression and internal oppression many Italians hailed Mussolini as a great man and firmly believed that fascism was a good thing for Italy.
Some of them still do. A nation that is willing to share the gains of political gamblers cannot expect to escape wholly when they lose. Questionnaire: Why Study History?
Corey Prize Raymond J. Cunningham Prize John H. Klein Prize Waldo G. Marraro Prize George L. Mosse Prize John E. Palmegiano Prize James A. Schmitt Grant J. Beveridge Award Recipients Albert J. Corey Prize Recipients Raymond J. Cunningham Prize Recipients John H.
Fagg Prize Recipients John K. Franklin Jameson Award Recipients J. Marraro Prize Recipients George L. Palmegiano Prize Recipients James A. The Rise and Fall of Fascism From his birth in to the day of his death in Benito Mussolini was many things to many men.
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The early mask falls away When the king called on Mussolini to form a government in October , very few people in the world had any idea of what was meant by a totalitarian form of government. Responsibilities and consequences How shall we measure the consequences of fascism and its rule over Italy?
They fought in parliament, in the press, and in the streets. The fight ceased only when all the opposition leaders had been imprisoned, exiled, or murdered, when the physical instruments of opposition had been destroyed—the printing presses, the trade unions and their offices, the cooperatives, and so on.
Mussolini and Fascist Italy
It ceased openly only when the overwhelming pressure of the fascist police made open opposition impossible. Later, fascism turned to more subtle means to win the support of the Italian people. Open violence gave way to legal violence under a veneer of respectability that fooled many people. From: Anybook Ltd. Lincoln, United Kingdom. Condition: Poor. Rebound by library.
Fascism in Italy: Its Development and Influence
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Italian Fascism - Wikipedia
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