There are two important differences among twining plants: they either have twining leaves or twining stems. Plants with twining leaves, such as clematis, use their leaves like tendrils. The young leaves of these plants are able to twist around slender wires, string, twigs or other leaves. The key is to provide a thin enough support for the leaf stem to curl around. A lattice made of 1-inch wide slats won't work for leaf twiners.
Twining stems twist around whatever they touch, be it a pole, branch, wire or chair leg. The stems will wind clockwise or counterclockwise, depending on the species of plant. There are loosely twining stems such as gourds, and strongly twining stems such as thunbergia, wisteria, morning glory, jasmine and Dutchman's pipe. Some of these twining vines can grow very large and become extremely heavy.
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Wisteria is famous for pulling down porches and garden structures. If you are planting a perennial vine that will eventually become very large, be sure to provide strong support.
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Bougainvillea and climbing or rambling roses are two of the many plants that fall into the scramblers category. These plants have long, flexible stems that may look like vines, but they are unable to climb on their own. Scramblers sometimes have thorns that help them grip neighboring stems, if you want these plants to "climb" up a trellis, arbor, or pergola, you will need to tack them into place and probably tie them with wire or sturdy string.
Boston ivy Parthenosissus tricuspidata and Virginia creeper P. Climbers with adhesive pads can attach themselves to the face of a building or the trunk of a tree. If not provided with a vertical support, they will just as happily crawl sideways, attaching themselves to anything in their path. The last group of climbers use clinging stem roots to attach themselves.
The stems of these plants produce a cluster of short, stout roots that cling to surfaces of almost any kind. Examples of plants with clinging stem roots include climbing hydrangea Hydrangea petiolaris , most ivies such as English ivy Hedera helix and Irish ivy Hedera hibernica , and also euonymus. These plants can damage paint work and mortar if you try to remove the stem roots from a structure. Cart 0 items in cart. Gardener's Supply. Search Catalog Search Search.
A force for good. About Us. More Articles Find more garden information. Share this Article:. Cucumbers, squash, and melons use tendrils to climb.
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Thunbergias black-eyed susan vine climb with twining stems. Shop for Flower Trellises. Clematis leaf tendrils climbing a support. Twiners: Morning glories, pole beans, honeysuckle and clematis are some of the many plants that twine. Examples of Twining Plants Twining leaves: Clematis Climbing nasturtium Tropaeolum polyphyllum Rhodochiton Morning glories wind their stems around a support. People who read this article often purchase. Enchanted Woods Trellis. Jardin Flower Trellis. Titan A-Frame Trellis. Deluxe Cucumber Trellis. Many people let the vines sprawl on the ground, like squash, but if you are growing them for decoration, gourds remain cleaner and less pest-prone if you give them a structure to grow on.
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A pergola or arbor looks especially interesting with the vines growing across it and the gourds dangling above your head. They need full sun and soil with plenty of organic matter worked in. Unfortunately, they are also subject to all the same pests and ailments as squash, from squash beetles to groundhogs to powdery mildew.
But they are prolific vines, and the colorful harvest at the end of the season makes a little pampering well worth it. Everything about this vine is riotous. The heart-shaped leaves have purple veining on the undersides. The stems have a deep-purple cast. The profuse blooms are a rich lavender, and the glossy pods are an almost day-glow purple. The vines grow quickly and start flowering early.
Flowering tapers off as the pods begin to form, but the plants remain attractive and continue spiraling upward. Purple hyacinth bean is best grown by direct-sowing in the garden. As with so many flowering vines, the seeds are tough and germinate better if scarified first. Flowering generally starts in midsummer and continues through fall. When there are a lot of seed pods forming, the flowering will diminish, though this is not a drawback because the pods are just as attractive as the flowers, if not more so.
The vines usually reach a height of 6 to 15 feet. This plant can be perennial in USDA hardiness zones 10 and above, where they may develop woody stems. Runner beans , like hyacinth beans, are generally grown for their ornamental flowers. Because the flowers are so lovely and there are so many of them , you can understand why it has gained a reputation as a flowering vine.
The vines can get long and heavy quickly, so provide a good support for them to grow on.
Although scarlet runner is the commonly available variety, there are other runner beans in shades of red, pink, white, or some combination:. The plants are perennial in hot climates and may even survive a mild winter in cooler zones. They require the same care as pole green beans and can produce pods just as heavily. Other than regular water, they shouldn't need much care. A layer of mulch will keep the ground moist and cool for them, and a side dressing of compost in midsummer will give them an extra boost to get through the remainder of the season.
The flowers are known for their heavy, sweet fragrance, but not all new cultivars are scented. Read the seed packet before buying. Sweet peas make wonderful cut flowers. The more you cut, the longer the plants will bloom. Sweet peas can be direct sown about the same time as edible peas. They have a hard seed coating, and scarification will speed germination. If you want to get a head start, you can sow seed indoors, about four to six weeks before your last frost date and transplant outdoors after all danger of frost has passed.
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When the plants reach about 3 to 6 inches tall, pinch the seedlings to encourage strong side shoots. Don't be afraid to cut your sweet peas; the more you cut, they more buds they will set.
Vines climb about 6 to 8 feet tall. Continue to 2 of 11 below. Black-Eyed Susan Vine. Continue to 3 of 11 below. Canary Creeper. Continue to 4 of 11 below. Cardinal Climber.
Note: The seeds are poisonous if ingested. Continue to 5 of 11 below. Climbing Snapdragon. Continue to 6 of 11 below. Cup and Saucer Vine, Cathedral Bells. Although often grown as an annual, the vines are perennial in USDA hardiness zones 9 to Continue to 7 of 11 below. Morning Glory. Continue to 8 of 11 below. Ornamental Gourds. Continue to 9 of 11 below. Purple Hyacinth Bean. Continue to 10 of 11 below. Scarlet Runner Bean. Although scarlet runner is the commonly available variety, there are other runner beans in shades of red, pink, white, or some combination: "Painted Lady" is a soft-red-and-white flower, and the vines can tolerate heat better than most runner beans.
Continue to 11 of 11 below. Sweet Pea. Read More.