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State-of-the-art infant language research methods in the field of linguistics and psychology will be introduced. Most recent and new research in the field will be assigned allowing discussions and deep understandings of infant research on language and literacy development. Students will be introduced the basic concepts in the field of language planning and policy, with an emphasis on how international, national, and local level sociolinguistic factors impinge on language planning decisions. This course will illustrate the complexity of language roles around the world and present case studies of the language planning and policy issues in a particular area of the world, for example, Singapore.

It will explore changes at all levels: meaning, grammar and sound. Specific topics include the nature of language change, the comparative method and linguistic reconstruction in phonology and morphology. At a broader level, the course will also examine sociolinguistic aspects of language change. Students will become acquainted with attitudes towards language change, language convergence, language genesis and language death. Other topics include cognitive explanation of language change and grammaticalisation. Using linguistic and social theories as a basis, this course will demonstrate how the treatment of language and culture issues might pose a danger of propagating stereotypes.

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It will also question the transference and translation of languages across cultures. Pragmatic theories will be also used to explain the causes of cross-cultural misunderstandings.

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Other topics discussed include the role of prosody and nonverbal behaviour in communication; factors influencing conversational style in different discourse contexts; the negotiation of power and solidarity in intercultural communication; the socialisation of language, and the creation of an identity from a child language acquisition perspective. As a research agenda, the sociolinguistics of globalization represents a relatively new, but rapidly growing and vibrant interdisciplinary approach to the place and role of language in the contemporary flows of people, capital, ideas, world views, cultural artefacts and representations.

Change, mobility and flux have come to characterize contemporary social life and social imagination, and this course will be a forum for students to engage with the relevant readings that grapple with these issues from a sociolinguistic perspective. Throughout the course, we will be examining conditions and themes that have come to occupy a prominent place in the sociolinguistic research program.

This seminar provides a comprehensive introduc2on to questons, theories, and research on the origin and evolution of language. It addresses central questions: where it came from; how and why it evolved; how it came to be culturally transmitted; what makes it a unique means of communicaton shared across the human species; and how languages diversified.

An understanding of language evoluton requires the exploraton of its biological, computational, and cultural BCC dimensions all at once. To this end, we will explore the latest ideas, theories and empirical methods from diverse fields, including linguis2cs, anthropology, archaeology, artficial life, biology, cognitve and neuroscience. The focus is on how similar notions e. We will find some surprising similarities as well as interesting differences. Students interested in doing bilingual research or pursuing a career in language instruction or translation will find this course particularly relevant.

Among the topics covered are dialectology, social registers, recurrent grammatical controversies, language contact, and language-and-culture issues. Sessions will also be devoted to the Aslian Austroasiatic languages of Peninsular Malaysia, on which important studies have recently appeared. Are there universals of language that can be discovered through careful comparisons and contrasts of different languages? And how have languages been classified? This course provides an introduction to how linguists have tackled these and related questions.

Theories of language universals will be reviewed, and schemes of language classification examined. This course focuses on experimental methods in 'spoken language' in which spoken language stands in the wider context of phonetic, psycholinguistic and psychological points of views. Students will have to carry out their own experiments and learn how to write them up in a style suitable for publication. This course will give students a general understanding of what experiments are and why one would do them.

The benefits of a bilingual brain in the modern world | The British Academy

It aims to familiarise students with key concepts and common methods used in the construction of language corpora, as well as tools that have been developed for searching and using major corpora such as the British National Corpus. Students will be given hands-on experience in pre-editing, annotating, and searching corpora. Criteria and methods used for evaluating corpora and analytical tools will also be discussed.

The course begins with an overview of natural language processing NLP to situate speech synthesis and recognition within industry and reviews familiar applications of these systems. In relation to these latter topics, you will learn about modeling the structures of the vocal tract to produce articulatory-based systems and the types of applications these have in speech research. Findings from functional neuroimaging and lesion studies will be reviewed to enable students to understand the workings of the human brain in relation to language use.

Special emphasis is placed on "the bilingual brain": how two or more languages are organised and how they interact within a bilingual individual, and how the multiple language systems are deployed in language comprehension and production. Working with Deaf consultants, the students will gain first-hand experience in Sign Language research, learning how to systematically record, analyze and document all the structural categories of a sign language.

The course will be run in close collaboration with The Singapore Association for the Deaf and will focus each year on another aspect of one of the sign languages used in Singapore. The approach is interdisciplinary as the readings will be drawn from psycholinguistics, sociolinguistics and education. The students will read advanced theoretical discussion of multilingualism as a phenomenon and reflect on why the current research scope needs to be extended to include multilinguals and not just bilinguals.

The primary focus of the course is on evaluating how multilingualism alters our perception of the world from a cognitive perspective. However, the importance of social contexts and its modulating impact on cognition will be a central theme in this course. The readings will also be geared towards an in depth understanding of the methodological concerns in the field. The course will focus on various issues of language contact including code-mixing and lexical borrowing, language shift and substrate influence.

It will also focus on the most striking cases of "contact languages" - pidgins and creoles - and the challenges and opportunities they present to linguistics. These issues are tackled at a more advanced level. It comprises two main areas:. The course begins with an introduction to the conventions used in Conversation Analysis for the transcription of naturally occurring speech interaction.

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Transcripts are then presented and studied in relation to a number of topics on which scholarly work has been done. Topics include: turn-taking, adjacency pairs, opening and closing, agreement and disagreement, pre-sequences, preference organization, repair, story-telling, and the requesting, giving, and reception of information in conversation.

Students will be able to acquire some hands-on experience of how research is conducted in this field of study through weekly analysis sessions and project work. Therefore, the body is analyzed, not as an isolated entity, but instead as a visible agent whose talk and action are lodged within both processes of human interaction and the rich settings where people pursue through talk-in-interaction the courses of action that constitute their social lives. Issues pertaining to the nature of phonological representations will first be discussed, followed by an examination of major approaches and frameworks, particularly Autosegmental Phonology and Optimality Theory.

The relationship between the phonological component and the lexicon, morphology and syntax will also be discussed. Students will develop techniques for organising information on phonetics, phonology, morphology, syntax and semantics by working with a language consultant.

Other topics covered include ethical concerns, field research techniques, effective documentation, the use of relevant software. The choice of language may vary from year to year. This course focuses on meaning creation generally, and how it occurs in communication, that is, how we understand what someone is trying to communicate to us when they try to communicate something, whether they are using linguistic or non-linguistic means. The focus is on the cognitive mechanism of abductive inference and its role in meaning creation and communication.

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The course introduces students to dialectal variation in Chinese. It contrasts Mandarin with other dialects e. Yue and Southern Min to illustrate the extent to which dialects can differ as well as the implication of such micro-variation on linguistic theories. Students will be introduced to current linguistic theories relevant for analyzing dialectal data. It provides an accurate explanation of several epistemological aspects of Semantics, exploring a number of approaches in Historical Semantics and Semantic Analysis.

The main focus of the Course is on the change in meaning of names and words from all over the world, involving different language families and historical contexts. Students will work on one 'macro-example' per class. The aim of the course is to make students familiar with advanced notions and hermeneutic 'tools' in Semantics, with the history of this discipline, and with its theoretical criteria and pragmatic applications in Linguistics.

The course deals with Semantics according to theoretical principles, with significant links to etymological and historical-phonetics reconstruction, exploring all the possible applications of the discipline to the study of the origins of names and of their meanings. It will begin with an overview of the history of MT, from early attempts to contemporary approaches including rule-based MT, statistics-based MT and knowledge-based MT.

Key concepts relating to representation and processing, dictionary building and annotation, and principles and components in the construction of MT engines will be illustrated and discussed. Major MT resources, particularly on-line ones, will also be reviewed. On the one hand, the course will focus on technical aspects, like the installation of the tools needed for the grammar development, how to run the tools, and how to do the actual implementation.

On the other hand, the course will focus on certain grammatical phenomena, like modification, agreement, valence, and long-distance dependencies, as well as the semantic representation used: Minimal Recursion Semantics MRS. The students will develop their own grammars, which can be used for both parsing and generation.

Parallel to the development of the grammar, a file with test sentences will be made in order to test the accuracy of the grammar. At the end of the course, it will be demonstrated how the grammars can be used in Machine Translation. Topics will also depend on the academic staff's areas of expertise. Language-internal: a Critical discussion of the various theoretical approaches to language-and-culture issues, both old and new, especially as presented in the literature of linguistic anthropology.

This course situates the causes of the evolution of world Englishes. The course covers a wide range of factors identified as ecological, some of which are external to language and others internal. This course will also deal with such key related topics as language contact, language shift, language spread, and the globalization of languages.

It is necessary to fully understand the tools and techniques used to properly implement experiments and to interpret the resulting data.

Emphasis is placed on the design of phonetic and phonological experiments using electronic systems and introducing computer technology for speech analysis. Therefore, in addition to the sections on experimental methodology there will be a significant portion of the course devoted to mastering computer-based acoustic analysis. AU: 8. Students will undertake independent research work under the guidance of a supervisor. They are expected to read widely to develop an in depth understanding of a topic, and then identify research objectives, isolate new research questions, collect and analyse information or data and write up their findings as a research report.

The graduation project integrates linguistics knowledge and analytical skills which the students have acquired. This perspective is increasingly being used in Linguistics, Anthropology, Sociology and Psychology and other disciplines, for discovering and analysis the often unnoticed but taken for granted social and cultural norms as well as the communicative practices that we enlist when engaging in talk-in-interaction.

The course will provide you with indispensable epistemological elements for the understanding of complex notions in Historical Linguistics and Etymology and for the evaluation of the relations between place names and social contexts. In this course, you will also discover how social dialects mark specific social groups or classes.

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As sociolinguistics these days are typically concerned with social variation, this course aims to review core studies in sociolinguistics that have informed research on social-class variation in language. This course also provides you with training in quantitative sociolinguistic research from various backgrounds in language variation studies. It comprises two main areas: 1. Techniques used by linguists to reveal evidence of manipulated trial outcomes.

HG Pragmatic Theory. Share Article. Language used by legal professionals and laypersons in court. In this course, students will: Learn the differences between different types of verbal humor Learn the various theories in explaining verbal humor Learn the various linguistic techniques used in creating verbal humor Analyze verbal humor in popular culture e.

CA is also used to comprehend the way we produce and understand naturally occurring talk in various social and institutional spheres. With this training, you will become well-prepared in conducting research within this field of study. Topics covere include turn-taking, adjacency pairs, opening and closing, agreement and disagreemen, pre-sequences, preference organization, repair, story-telling, and the requesting, giving, and reception of information in conversation. Return to Book Page.

Globalization is on everyone's tongue, and the discussion is not only limited to economic exchange, but expands to the intermingling of cultural values. To be truly successful in the international arena, whether as an immigrant, student, businessperson, or tourist, openness toward other cultures is vital and the most obvious door to those cultures is through language.

Lear Globalization is on everyone's tongue, and the discussion is not only limited to economic exchange, but expands to the intermingling of cultural values. Learning a second language is no longer an option for many, it is both a survival tool and an opportunity. This book is an aid to parents, educators, researchers, and individuals who want facts about foreign language learning in order to apply concrete tools to maximize their potential in this area, independent of their age. This book examines the various factors in successful multilingualism across the lifespan, discussing groups such as those lucky enough to enjoy bilingualism from birth to those who become foreign language learners in adulthood.

Special attention is paid to a critique of the academic critical years concept and the question, how long does it take a non-native speaker to become fluent? While many are concerned with bilingualism, millions around the world live with three or more languages.

For those considering adding a third language, this book looks at the benefits of bilingualism that transfer to trilingualism. Finally, the book establishes methods for teaching foreign languages and hints for home support that maximize each person's potential for languages. Get A Copy.

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