e-book The Origin and Evolution of Cultures (Evolution and Cognition Series)

Free download. Book file PDF easily for everyone and every device. You can download and read online The Origin and Evolution of Cultures (Evolution and Cognition Series) file PDF Book only if you are registered here. And also you can download or read online all Book PDF file that related with The Origin and Evolution of Cultures (Evolution and Cognition Series) book. Happy reading The Origin and Evolution of Cultures (Evolution and Cognition Series) Bookeveryone. Download file Free Book PDF The Origin and Evolution of Cultures (Evolution and Cognition Series) at Complete PDF Library. This Book have some digital formats such us :paperbook, ebook, kindle, epub, fb2 and another formats. Here is The CompletePDF Book Library. It's free to register here to get Book file PDF The Origin and Evolution of Cultures (Evolution and Cognition Series) Pocket Guide.

About the course

Mitch Hodge and Paulo Sousa. By: Pascal Boyer. By: Quinton Deeley. By: Ingela Visuri. By: Harvey Whitehouse. By: E. Thomas Lawson. By: Hugh Bowden. By: Esther Eidinow. By: Yulia Ustinova. By: Panayotis Pachis. By: Olympia Panagiotidou. By: Luther H. By: Ekkehart Malotki. By: Peter Jackson Rova. By: Ella Paldam. By: Mikael Rothstein. By: Sylvia Marcos. He has published extensively on Second Temple Judaism, including early Christ-religion, and theoretical and methodological matters, including The Emergence and Evolution of Religion: By Means of Natural Selection , co-authored with Jonathan Turner et al.

Routledge She has published extensively on ancient and modern religion with a focus on early Christianity, in particular asceticism and Christian Gnosticism, including Animals, Gods, and Humans. Many of our ebooks are available through library electronic resources including these platforms:. Teaching Professors : To request a print examination copy for course consideration, please visit: Ingram Academic. Inspection copies are only available to verified university faculty. Some restrictions apply. To request an electronic inspection copy for course use consideration, please visit one of the following services to submit your digital examination request online:.

Home A Different Kind of Animal. Add to Cart. More about this book. If differentiation undermines synthesis, the purpose and the will to survive, differentiated consciousness and culture would never emerge. Differentiation is the very essence of cultural evolution, but it threatens synthesis and may destroy the entire purpose of culture, and the culture itself Perlovsky , b,e, b.

This instability is entirely human, it does not exist in the animal kingdom because the pace of evolution and differentiation of knowledge from ameba to primates was very slow, and instinctual mechanisms of synthesis apparently evolved along with the brain capacity.

The Origin and Evolution of Cultures

The origin of language changed this; accumulation of differentiated knowledge vastly exceeded biological evolutionary capacity to maintain synthesis. This paper suggests that along with the origin of language another uniquely human ability evolved for maintaining synthesis, the ability for music. The hypothesis in this paper is that music evolved along with language for maintaining the balance between differentiation and synthesis.

First we present arguments, than we discuss empirical and experimental means by which this hypothesis can be verified. Many scientists studying evolution of language came to a conclusion that originally language and music were one Darwin, ; Cross, a; Masataka, In this original state the fused language-music did not threaten synthesis. Not unlike animal vocalizations, sounds of voice directly affected ancient emotional centers, connected semantic contents of vocalizations to instinctual needs, and to behavior.

This way Jaynes explained stability of great kingdoms of Mesopotamia up to 4, years ago. We would like to emphasize the already discussed fact that since its origin language evolved in the direction of enhancing conceptual differentiation ability by separating it from ancient emotional and bodily instinctual influences. As language was enhancing differentiation and destroyed the primordial unity of psyche, music was reconnecting differentiated psyche, restoring the meaning and purpose of knowledge and making cultural evolution possible.

The fundamental role of music in cultural evolution was maintaining synthesis in the face of increasing differentiation due to language. This was the origin and evolutionary direction of music. We now return to the basic mechanisms of the mind, including KI and analyze them in more details in view of this hypothesis. But clearly it is a great simplification. It is not sufficient for the human mind to maximize an average value of the similarity between all concept-models and all experiences.

Adequate functioning requires constant resolution of contradictions between multiple mutually contradicting concepts and between individual concepts quickly created in culture and slowly evolving primordial animal instincts. Human psyche is not as harmonious as psyche of animals. Some of our ancestors were able to acquire differentiated contradictory knowledge and still maintain wholeness of psyche necessary for concentration of will and purposeful actions; those had tremendous advantage for survival.

Center for Philosophy of Science other conferences

For these reasons KI itself became differentiated. It was directed not only at maximizing the overall harmony, but also at reconciling constantly evolving contradictions, cognitive dissonances.

  • Elliptically Contoured Models in Statistics and Portfolio Theory.
  • The creative mind: cognition, society and culture | Palgrave Communications?
  • Cultural Evolution;

This hypothesis requires theoretical elaboration and experimental confirmation. Emotions related to knowledge are aesthetic emotions subjectively felt as harmony or disharmony. These emotions were differentiated along with KI. In other words, a high value concept attaches aesthetic emotions to other concepts.

About the Series

In this way each concept acts as a separate part of KI: evaluates other concepts for their mutual consistency; this is the mechanism of the differentiated knowledge instinct. Virtually every combination of concepts has some degree of contradictions.

Cognitive Gadgets

The number of combinations is practically infinite Perlovsky, d. Therefore aesthetic emotions that reconcile these contradictions are not just several feelings for which we can assign specific words. We feel this continuum of emotions not just many separate emotions when listening to music. We feel this continuum in Palestrina, Bach, Beethoven, Mozart, Chaikovsky, Shostakovich, Beatles, and Eminem… and this mechanism extends to all cultures in the world. Each emotion, he wrote, is different depending on which object it is applied to.

But Huron has already argued that this use of music for basic needs is just that, a utilitarian use of music, which evolved for a much more important purpose that cognitive musicologists had not yet been able to identify.

The Role of Culture and Evolution for Human Cognition

It is proposed here that musical emotions have evolved for synthesis of differentiated consciousness, for reconciling contradictions that every step toward differentiation entails, for reconciling cognitive dissonances, for creating a unity of differentiated Self. Akerlof, G.

The Evolutionary Origins of Human Cognitive Development, Tetsuro Matsuzawa

The economic consequences of cognitive dissonance. In Akerlof, G. Explorations in Pragmatic Economics. New York: Oxford University Press 2. The complete works. The revised Oxford translation, ed. Grammatical choice and affective experience in a second-language test. Neuropsychobiology, 37, Ball, P. Facing the music. Nature, , Bar, M.

Top-down facilitation of visual recognition. Buchanan, T. Specht, K. Recognition of emotional prosody and verbal components of spoken language: an fMRI study. Cognitive Brain Research 9, Cabanac, M. What is emotion? Behavioural Processes, 60, Cangelosi A. Singapore: World Scientific. Coventry K. R, Lynott L. Spatial language, visual attention, and perceptual simulation.

Brain and Language, in press Cangelosi, A,, Greco, A. From robotic toil to symbolic theft: grounding transfer from entry-level to higher-level categories.

Simulating the Evolution of Language. London: Springer. Cangelosi, A. An embodied model for sensorimotor grounding and grounding transfer: experiments with epigenetic robots. Cangelosi A, Tikhanoff V. Integrating language and cognition: A cognitive robotics approach. Coutinho, E. The use of spatio-temporal connectionist models in psychological studies of musical emotions. Music Perception, 27 1 , Cross, I. The evolutionary nature of musical meaning. Musicae Scientiae, Musicality and the human capacity for culture. Musicae Scientiae, Special issue, The evolution of music: theories, definitions and the nature of the evidence.

Trevarthen Eds. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Darwin, C. The descent of man, and selection in relation to sex. London, GB: John Murray. Davis, P. Neural control of vocalization: respiratory and emotional influences. J Voice,10, 23— Deacon, T. The neural circuitry underlying primate calls and human language. Human Evolution Journal, 4 5 , Diamond, J. Guns, germs, and steel: The fates of human societies. New York, NY: W. Dissanayake, E. Antecedents of the temporal arts in early mother-infant interactions. Wallin, B. Brown Eds. If music is the food of love, what about survival and reproductive success?

Musicae Scientiae Special Issue, Bountiful noise. Festinger, L. A theory of cognitive dissonance. Fitch, W. On the biology and evolution of music. Music Perception, 24, Fontanari, J. Evolving Compositionality in Evolutionary Language Games. How language can help discrimination in the Neural Modeling Fields framework.

Neural Networks, 21 , — A game theoretical approach to the evolution of structured communication codes, Theory in Biosciences, , Cross-situational learning of object—word mapping using Neural Modeling Fields. Neural Networks, 22 , Frijda, N. The emotions. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Grossberg, S. Neural dynamics of attentionally modulated Pavlovian conditioning: Blocking, interstimulus interval, and secondary reinforcement.

Applied Optics 26, Guttfreund D. Effects of language usage on the emotional experience of Spanish-English and English-Spanish bilinguals. J Consult Clin Psychol, 58, Huron, D. Ernest Bloch Lectures. Ilin, R. International Journal of Natural Computing Research, in print. Jaynes, J. The origin of consciousness in the breakdown of the bicameral mind. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Co. Psychological Types. In the Collected Works, v. Juslin, P. Music and emotion: Theory and research. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, in print.