The second involves the sensory art installation, Displace Montreal; The Hague , in which taste and cooking are examined as occasions through which matter performs. A third case addresses the University of Gastronomic Sciences Pollenzo, Italy , and involves an examination of pedagogy and reflection as a mode of research.
Together this work critically engages with discourse and practice in food studies, ecology, performance, autoethnography, and design, building towards long-term implications for ecosophic, food-related scholarship and praxis. Repository Staff Only: item control page. Spectrum Research Repository. Spectrum Libraries Concordia Advanced Search.
Outline of critical theory
We need to develop an enriched, fortified anthropocentric notion of human interest to replace the dominant short-term, sectional and self-regarding conception. Some critics, particularly social ecologist Murray Bookchin , have interpreted deep ecology as being hateful toward humanity , due in part to the characterization of humanity by some deep ecologists, such as David Foreman of Earth First!
Bookchin's second major criticism is that deep ecology fails to link environmental crises with authoritarianism and hierarchy. Social ecologists like him believe that environmental problems are firmly rooted in the manner of human social interaction, and suggest that deep ecologists fail to recognise the potential for human beings to solve environmental issues through a change of cultural attitudes. According to Bookchin, it is a social reconstruction alone that "can spare the biosphere from virtual destruction. Daniel Botkin  has likened deep ecology to its antithesis, the wise use movement , when he says that they both "misunderstand scientific information and then arrive at conclusions based on their misunderstanding, which are in turn used as justification for their ideologies.
Both begin with an ideology and are political and social in focus. He emphasized that movements cannot be precisely defined, but only roughly characterized by very general statements. They are often united internationally by means of such principles as found in the United Nations UN Earth Charter , and in UN documents about basic human rights. He was not putting forth a single worldview and philosophy of life that everyone should adhere to in support of the international ecology movement. Instead, he was making an empirical claim based on overwhelming evidence that global social movements, from the grass roots up, consist of people with very diverse religious, philosophical, cultural, and personal orientations.
Nonetheless, they can agree on certain courses of action and certain broad principles, especially at the international level. As supporters of a given movement, they can treat one another with mutual respect. By "logical relations" this means verbally articulated relations between the premises and conclusions. Within global movements there is diversity at the local level because each place and community is different and must adapt to its unique setting.
The ultimate premises for his whole view might be conceptually incompatible with those in someone else's whole views. But even if this is true, they could both support the platform principles of the deep ecology movement and other social-political global movements, such as for peace and social justice. In recognizing the principle that all living beings have intrinsic worth, there is an acknowledgement that they are good for their own sake.
This does not mean committing to biocentric equality or egalitarianism between species. Within the vast diversity of living beings, there are complex relationships the range of which is predation, competition, cooperation, and symbiosis.
Many think that symbiosis and complementarity are important values to embrace as they are consistent with global cooperation, community life, and support for the deep ecology movement platform. Parallels have been drawn between deep ecology and other philosophies, in particular those of the animal rights movement, Earth First!
Peter Singer 's book Animal Liberation critiqued anthropocentrism and put the case for animals to be given moral consideration. This can be seen as a part of a process of expanding the prevailing system of ethics to wider groupings. However, Singer has disagreed with deep ecology's belief in the intrinsic value of nature separate from questions of suffering, taking a more utilitarian stance. Likewise deep ecology brought the whole of nature under moral consideration. Many in the radical environmental direct-action movement Earth First!
In particular, David Foreman , the co-founder of the movement, has also been a strong advocate for deep ecology, and engaged in a public debate with Murray Bookchin on the subject. Many Earth First! Actions are often symbolic or have other political aims. There are also anarchist currents in the movement, especially in the United Kingdom. For example, Robert Hart , pioneer of forest gardening in temperate climates, wrote the essay "Can Life Survive?
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Ecological and environmental philosophy.
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Retrieved 12 May Gene Frankland International Encyclopedia of Environmental Politics. International Journal of Transpersonal Studies. Studies in Art Education. Deep Ecology. Gibbs M. A summary" PDF. Ecology, community and lifestyle: outline of an ecosophy. Cambridge University Press. Environmental Management. Toward a transpersonal ecology: developing new foundations for environmentalism. Oxford Univ.
educator / artist / researcher
Press, NY, NY. Journal of Education for Sustainable Development. European Journal of Education. Winnipeg: Fernwood Pub. New York. Gottlieb eds.
Retrieved 9 December Sermons from the Mound. Retrieved 7 January Ecology, Community and Lifestyle: Outline of an Ecosophy. Retrieved Phil Archived from the original on Context Institute. Environmental Ethics. The Deep Ecology Movement. Shearwater Books. Moving on from this critique, the authors aim to outline an alternative approach to therapy by considering the power of social spaces that allow for non-institutional therapeutic effects.
Given its eclecticism, it is unlikely that any reader will appreciate all of the articles included in this book. He has also written on psychoanalytic theory, institutional psychotherapy, and institutional pedagogy. Perhaps due to difficulties of translation, this publication includes a number of other spelling issues.
Guattari: Philosophy of Ecology - Bibliography - PhilPapers
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