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In this Surah there is a verse that is believed to be the last verse revealed to the Prophet -peace be upon him. The Surah consists of verses in 16 sections. This is the 6 th Surah according to the arrangement of the Qur'an and 55 th Surah according to the order of revelation. This Surah was revealed in Makkah about one or two years before the Hijrah. The Surah has verses in 20 sections. In this Surah the message of Tawhid is highly emphasized. It contains basic principles of Tawhid.

Quranic Themes 4: Recognising Allah in the Quran by Shaykh Hasan Ali

It gives beautiful description of Allah's creative power. It criticizes Shirk and its manifestations. Basic topics discussed here are:. This is the 7 th Surah of the Qur'an and according to some authorities it is the 39 th Surah according to the order of revelation. This Surah was revealed in Makkah about a year or two before the Hijrah. It consists of verses in 24 sections.

The basic theme of this Surah is Risalah, i. Allah's message as it was sent through many messengers. The Surah tells us that Allah's Prophets suffered for the cause of truth. Their enemies tried to harm them, but then Allah helped his prophets and defeated their enemies. The Surah emphasizes that the true message must be presented under all circumstances. After the Prophets it is the duty of the Believers to convey the message of Allah to all people. Surah 88 according to the order of revelation. This Surah has 75 verses in 10 sections. The Surah reminds the Believers to obey Allah and His Messenger and keep their relations good with each other.

It has given rules of war and peace between Muslims and their enemies. In this Surah, six times Allah has addressed Muslims with "O you who believe" see vss. Surah according to the order of revelation. It has verses in 16 sections.

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The basic subjects of the Surah are: The non-believers who broke their treaties, Muslims have no obligation to honor treaties with them. Muslims must protect themselves from hypocrisy, weak faith and negligence. Battle of Tabuk and its lessons. Surah 51 according to the order of revelation. This Surah was revealed in Makkah perhaps a few years before the Hijrah. It has verses in 11 sections. The main subject of this Surah is faith in Allah and belief in the Hereafter. Those who have true faith, they worship Allah and recognize Him as their Lord and Master and live their lives in accordance to His command.

Allah sent His Messengers to remind people and to warn them. The stories of Prophets Noah and Prophet Moses with Pharaoh are told to remind people about the consequences of unfaithfulness and arrogance. Surah 52 according to the order of revelation. This is a Makki Surah revealed soon after the previous Surah. It has verses and 10 sections.

The basic point is that Allah sent His Prophets and Messengers to mankind out of His grace and mercy, but when people did not listen to the Prophets and rejected their message then Allah's punishment came and came relentlessly. It is a Makki Surah revealed towards the end of the Makkan period, about a year or two before the Hijrah. This Surah has ayat in 12 sections. The basic theme of the Surah is to emphasize that all Prophets were human beings and their messages were similar.

They were also highly moral beings. This is the way all believers should be. The Prophets trusted in Allah and in the end Allah's plans did succeed. Opinions differ about its being Makki or Madani Surah. According to some authorities it is Makki with the exception of few verses and according to others it is Madani except few verses revealed in Makkah. It seems its time period is closer to the Hijrah. The Surah has 43 verses in 6 sections. The basic theme of the Surah is divine guidance.

Allah has created this whole universe. He knows what is in the wombs and every thing is under His knowledge. He sent His prophets and guides to all people for their guidance and now the Last Messenger has come. The basic theme of the Surah is Allah's guidance through His prophets. The purpose of this guidance is to take the people from darkness to light. Many people in the past had doubts about their prophets. They laughed at them and they threatened to kill them or expel them from their towns.

However, the lasting word is the "good word. This is a Makki Surah revealed about years before the Hijrah. It has 99 verses in 6 sections. The name al-Hijr refers probably to the same area where Thamud used to live in the northwestern part of Arabia. The main theme of the Surah is divine guidance, and people's response. Allah's warns those who deny this message and as a reminder of these warnings, we have here the stories of Prophet Lot's people, Thamud and other groups. This is one of the late Makki Surahs revealed sometime before the Hijrah. The time period and themes are similar.

This Surah has verses in 16 sections. The Surah speaks about Allah's creative power. Everything in the universe points to Allah. There is coherence and balance in Allah's creation. Surah 50 according to the order of revelation. This is a Makki Surah revealed after the events of Isra' and Mi'raj, which took place about a year and half before the Hijrah. The Surah has verses and 12 sections. This Surah concentrates on some important moral and spiritual principles. It emphasizes that human beings always need divine guidance. Without the guidance of Allah, humans end up in evil, sin and misery.

Human beings must have good relations with each other and live in a society built on the principles of faith, justice and morality. The Surah talks about the evils of pride and arrogance and urges human beings to reflect on Allah's signs and be humble before Him in prayers. This is a Makki Surah revealed years before the Hijrah. It has verses in 12 sections. The Surah answers some questions that the Mushrikin of Makkah posed to the Prophet —peace be upon him. The answers came in a very clear way and also challenged them to accept the message of Islam.

YM-Proofs Major Themes of the Quran - Maydan

In this Surah we have the stories of: the People of the Cave, the man who had two gardens and was very proud of himself, Prophet Moses with an angelic figure, Dhulqarnain a pious ruler. These stories are told to emphasize the value of faith, knowledge and patience, the relativity of time, and the variety in this world. This Surah was revealed in Makkah sometime before the first Hijrah to Abyssinia, which was about 8 years before the Hijrah to Madina.

The Surah has 98 verses in 6 sections. The subject matter of this Surah is the true message and teachings of the Prophets of Allah. Allah blessed these Prophets. They taught Tawhid and called their people to the worship of Allah alone. Great miracles and signs were also shown in the lives of these Prophets and Messengers. This is a Makki Surah. It was revealed sometime before the Hijrah to Abyssinia. This took place sometimes in the 5 th year of Prophethood.

This Surah has verses in 8 sections. The subject matter of the Surah is to assure the Prophet and his followers that the message of the Qur'an will eventually succeed. The story of Prophet Moses is mentioned in detail. Then it is mentioned how the enemies of Islam are opposing it and what will be the consequences of this opposition for them. It has verses in 7 sections.

The basic theme of the Surah is Prophets and Prophethood as indicated by the name itself. All Prophets were human beings. They suffered at the hands of their enemies. Allah also tested them, but they always trusted Allah and lived according to His command. They were people of prayers and devotions and Allah listened to their prayers. Some authorities consider this a Makki Surah, but according to the majority it is Madani. This Surah has 78 verses in 10 sections. The Surah reminds about the approaching end of the world, need for the firmness of faith to support the truth and to eradicate the evil.

It talks about prayers, humbleness and sacrifice, respect of the Ka'bah, the House of Allah, and striving to defend the truth. This is an early Makki Surah revealed about years before the Hijrah. It has verses in 6 sections. In this Surah people are invited to accept and follow the Prophet. This is the central theme of the Surah. It speaks about the character of true believers and assures that they will be the real successful people. It draws attention to various stages of human creation, to many other universal signs. Then it takes some of the stories of other prophets and tells us that they also preached the same message.

It has 64 verses in 9 sections. This Surah contains many rules for the development of a society based on righteousness and morality. It talks about male-female relations, rules of proper dress for Muslim women, rules for the punishment of adultery and punishment of those who accuse others of adultery or fornication. This is a Makki Surah revealed around the middle Makkan period about years before the Hijrah.

It has 77 verses in 6 sections. The Surah answers some of the objections of the non-believers against the Qur'an and the teachings of Islam. It also presents the character of the Believers as criteria to prove the truth of Islam. This is a Makki Surah revealed in the middle Makkan period about years before the Hijrah. The non-believers were asking for signs to prove that the Qur'an was the word of Allah. Allah mentioned many signs both in nature and in history. Stories of many prophets are also mentioned to indicate that all prophets presented basically the same message.

This a Makki Surah. It was probably revealed soon after the previous Surah. It has 93 verses in 7 sections. The theme of the Surah is divine guidance in history. Allah sent His Prophets to different people. Some accepted them and were guided, while others denied them and they saw the consequences of their denial. The Surah also contrasts between the principles of tawhid and shirk. This is a Makki Surah revealed most probably after the previous Surah in the middle Makkan period. The Surah consists of 88 verses in 9 sections. The basic theme of this Surah is the prophethood.

Some aspects of the life of Prophet Moses -peace be upon him- are mentioned to show the similarity between him and Prophet Muhammad —peace be upon all the prophets of Allah. There are also answers here to the questions and doubts that were raised by some non-believers. It was probably revealed in early Makkan period before the migration to Ebyssinia. It has 69 verses in 7 sections.

This Surah reminds the Believers to be strong in their faith and not to give up their faith because of hardship or family pressures. Stories of previous Prophets and their followers are also mentioned here to show that the path of truth is not an easy path. It has trials and hardships. This is a Makki Surah and it was revealed about 5 years after the Prophethood, in the same year in which the first Hijrah to Ebyssinia took place.

The Surah has 60 verses in 6 sections. The Surah reminds us that Allah is in control of everything. Those who are short sighted they see only what is apparent but they do not realize that there is a Creator and Master of this whole universe and it is He who is governing everything. Final decision is in Allah's hand. The Akhirah will take place and the truth will prevail. This is an early Makki Surah, revealed perhaps before the Surah al-'Ankabut. It has 34 verses in 4 sections. In this Surah Tawhid is emphasized and Shirk and its ideas are critically examined. It tells us that those who are following Shirk they are only blindly following their forefathers.

The true wisdom is to believe in Allah. The advises of Luqman the wise are also given here to support the same principles. The Surah discusses some of the doubts and arguments of the non-believers against the principles of Tawhid, Risalah and Akhirah. It invites human beings to think and reflect on their own selves and on the nature surrounding them.

Every thing points that there is a Wise and Powerful Creator for this universe. He has not created all this phenomenon in vain. The creation has a purpose. This is a Madani Surah revealed sometime in the 5 th year of Hijrah. It has 73 verses in 9 sections. The Surah deals with a number of social and political issues. It talks about the practice of child-adoption, some marriage customs, battle of Ahzab and Bani Quraizah, social issues related to Hijab of Muslim women.

It also talks about the hypocrites and their conduct in the society. This is a Makki Surah revealed to the Prophet -peace be upon him- sometime in the early or middle Makkan period about 7- 8 years before the Hijrah. It has 54 verses in 6 sections. The Surah answers some of the objections raised by the non-believers about Tawhid, Risalah and Akhirah. It also speaks about Prophets David and Solomon and the Queen of Sheba to remind people about the consequences of evils as well as righteousness.

This is a Makki Surah revealed sometimes in the middle period of Prophet's residence in Makkah. This Surah has 45 verses in 5 sections. In this Surah Allah warns the non-believers on their negative attitude towards Islam and Prophet Muhammad -peace be upon him. The basic message is also explained to them. This is a Makki Surah revealed sometime in the middle Makkan period. It has 83 verses in 5 sections. The Surah explains some of the basic beliefs of Islam, especially the belief in life after death and the Akhirah.

This is a Makki Surah and it was revealed sometime in the middle Makkan period. It has verses in 5 sections. The Surah speaks about the unity of Allah in very strong terms. It talks about the teachings of various prophets of Allah. All of them preached the same message. It gives warnings to the non-believers that their plots against the message of Islam will not work. The truth will prevail. It was revealed around the time of first Hijrah to Ebyssinia about 5 year of Prophethood. It has 88 verses in 5 sections. The Surah talks about the basic message of all the Prophets and Messengers of Allah.

They came to preach Tawhid. The Prophet suffered and went through a lot of hardship in presenting Allah's message. Their enemies attacked them and persecuted them, but then finally it was the truth that prevailed and falsehood was defeated. Power and riches all come from Allah. Some people become arrogant when they have power. But Allah gave the examples of David and Solomon who were great prophets as well as powerful kings. They obey Allah. Their riches did not corrupt them. It was revealed most probably sometime before the Hijrah of Abyssinia. It has 75 verses in 8 sections.

The Surah talks about the true religion. It is to serve Allah sincerely and to avoid Shirk. Tawhid brings the blessings of Allah, while Shirk has terrible consequences. The Believers are told not to despair and lose heart. If it is difficult for them to practice their religion in one place, they can migrate from that land. The unbelievers are told that they can do whatever they wish, but they cannot turn the Believers away from the path of faith.

Thus these seven Surahs are also called "al-Hawamim". All these are Makki Surahs and they were revealed one after another after the previous Surah al-Zumar, in the middle Makkan period before the Hijrah to Abyssinia. This Surah has 85 verses in 9 sections. These are Surahs of Da'wah, inviting people to believe in Allah, take advantage of the mercy of Allah.

There is solace and comfort in these Surahs for the Believers who were persecuted because of their faith and they are given the good news that the truth will prevail. See the introduction to the previous Surah. This Surah has 54 verses in 6 sections. The subject matter of this Surah is Da'wah.

It invites to the truth, gives warnings to those who reject the truth, and tells us that the appeal to the truth is within our nature. It tells us also that the Believers receive strength from Allah's revelation. The revelation gives life to those who were spiritually and morally dead at one time. The Surah contains both good news and warnings.

This is a Makki Surah and it belongs to the group of seven HaMim Surahs that were revealed one after another in the middle Makkan period. This Surah has 53 verses in 5 sections. The Surah emphasizes that the message of the Qur'an is from Allah Who revealed similar messages to other Prophets and Messengers.

The religion of Allah has been the same throughout history. If Allah wanted He would have made all people into one Ummah, but He has given freedom to people to make their own choice by their free will. Allah will judge all people on the Day of Judgment. In the Surah it is also mentioned that the followers of this message are those who avoid major sins and who manage their affairs with mutual consultation. This is a Makki Surah and it is fourth in number among the group of Surahs that begin with the word HaMim.


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It was revealed in the middle Makkan period. It has 89 verses in 7 sections. The Surah tells us that the revelation is a mercy from Allah. Allah chooses whosoever He wills to give His revelation. The worldly goods and riches do not necessarily mean that a person is best in the sight of Allah. The real value comes from following the truth and righteousness. It has 59 verses in 3 sections. The Surah warns about the punishment of Allah. When the punishment will come then no one can avert it.

The division between the righteous and wicked in the Hereafter will be the final decision of Allah. It has 37 verses in 4 sections. The Surah warns those who deny the Divine truth. It talks about human arrogance and sinfulness. The judgment of Allah will cover all the people. The nations will stand before him in the kneeling condition. It is the 7 th in the group of Surahs that begin with HaMim and it was revealed in the middle Makkan period.

This Surah has 35 verses in 4 sections. The Surah gives warnings to those who deny the truth. When Allah's punishment comes then neither the sea, nor the dry land can protect. There is a reference in this Surah to the people of 'Ad and Allah's punishment for their sins.

This is a Madani Surah and it was most probably revealed in the first year of Hijrah before the battle of Badr. This Surah has 38 verses in 4 sections. The Surah talks about the real struggle that will take place between the truth and falsehood. In this struggle the truth will be victorious and the falsehood and its votaries will be utterly defeated. The separation will take place between those who believe and those who will deny the truth.

This is a Madani Surah. According to Sayyidna 'Umar -may Allah be pleased with him- this Surah was revealed when Muslims were returning from the Hudaibiyah. The Treaty of Hudaibiyah took place in the 6 th year of Hijrah. This Surah has 29 verses in 4 sections. The Surah talks about the moral and physical victory of Islam over the forces of unbelief.

The hypocrites and disbelievers will be disappointed with this victory. It was revealed around the 9 th year of Hijrah when a large number of people entered in Islam. Many delegations were also coming to visit Madinah to meet the Prophet -peace be upon him- and to learn about Islam.

Major Themes of the Quran

The Surah has 18 verses in 2 sections. The purpose of the Surah is to give Muslims teachings about the social manners. How to respect their leader the Prophet -peace be upon him- and how to deal with each other. It has comprehensive guidelines to make a peaceful and harmonious society. This and the following six Surahs belong to the early Makkan period. This Surah has 45 verses in 3 sections. The Surah emphasizes the theme of resurrection and the ultimate success of those who have faith in Allah and His Prophets.

It belongs to the early Makkan period. This Surah has 60 verses in 3 sections. The Surah gives the good news of the emergence of a new community. It also warns the opponents of the truth that their time is about to end and the judgment of Allah is near. The Surah speaks about the mission of Prophet Muhammad -peace be upon him. He came to warn people about the consequences of their denial of faith and deeds of injustice and indecency.

Those who are in doubt of his message let them produce a similar message. Let them also produce any proofs supporting their wrong beliefs. The Surah talks about the eminence of the Prophet -peace be upon him- with his Mi'raj and closeness to Allah. It warns the disbelievers about the errors of their attitude towards the Qur'an and the Prophet of Allah. Some of their wrong beliefs in the angels as daughters of God, intercession of the angels etc. The Surah talks about the approaching Day of Judgment.

It describes some of the scenes of that Day. It also tells us that Allah's judgment may come here and now. There are references to the flood that came at the time of Prophet Noah, the punishment of the people of 'Ad, Thamud, People of Prophet Lot, the Pharaoh and his people. It ends with the good news for the Believers who will be near their Lord in the gardens of bliss.

The opinions differ whether this is Makki or Madani Surah. According to some scholars this is a Makki Surah revealed during the early Makkan period. The Surah has 78 verses in 3 sections. Allah's many blessings and favors are mentioned in this Surah. Human beings and Jinn are invited to remember these favors and not to deny Allah's blessings. This is a Makki Surah revealed in the early Makkan period. This is the seventh Surah of the group of Surahs that began with Surah Qaf no.

It completes the subject of death, resurrection and divine judgment. The Surah has 96 verses in 3 sections. The Surah talks about the resurrection that will definitely take place. It is a fact undeniable. The human beings then will be in three different groups. The faithful are of two types: those who are the pioneers and are foremost in their faith and struggle in the path of Allah.

They are a large number from amongst the earlier community and a small from among the later generations. Then the rest of the people are believers and those who oppose the faith. Allah's rewards are for the faithful and his anger and chastisement is waiting for the opponents of faith. The Surah then invites human beings to think about themselves and the things that they use daily and consider who created all these things. This is a Madani Surah revealed between the 4 th and 5 th year of Hijrah - time between the Battle of Badr and the Treaty of Hudaibiyah.

The Surah has 29 verses in 4 sections. The Surah was revealed during the period when the non-believers attacked the tiny Islamic State from all sides. It encourages Muslims to make sacrifices for their faith and be aware of the non-believers as well as the hypocrites in their own ranks. It was revealed around the 5 th year of Hijrah after the Battle of the Ditches.

This Surah came most probably after the Surah al-Ahzab It has 22 verses in 3 sections. The Surah talks about a bad social custom by which husbands in pre-Islamic times used to oppress their wives.

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Some one would call his wife "mother" and thus would separate from her, but would not give her the divorce. Allah condemned this custom. The Surah also speaks about the hypocrites and other non-Muslim groups in Madinah who were involved in spreading rumors against the Prophet -peace be upon him.

They are given warnings here and Muslims are urged to be alert and careful. This took place after the Battle of Uhud in the 4 th year of Hijrah. This Surah has 24 verses in 3 sections. The Surah talks about the banishment of Bani Nadhir and secret relations between them and the hypocrites of Madinah. It exhorts the Believers to be firm in their faith in Allah and gives some of the Beautiful Names of Allah. It was revealed after the Treaty of Hudaibiyah and before the conquest of Makkah in the 6 th or 7 th year of Hijrah. It has 13 verses in 2 sections. The Surah deals with the relations of Muslims with non-Muslims.

It tells Muslims on the one hand not to take the enemies of Allah as their allies and patrons, but on the other hand it tells them not to consider every non-Muslim as their enemy. It has 14 verses in 2 sections. The Surah exhorts Muslims to defend the truth. It tells them that this may involve fighting the enemies who may come to attack Muslims.

The Surah speaks about Prophet Moses and his difficulties with his own people. Then Allah sent Jesus among them and he also reminded them about Allah and gave them the good news of the coming of Prophet Muhammad -peace be upon all the prophets and Messengers of Allah. But they continue in their stubborn denial. The Surah ends with the good news that the true religion will prevail in the end and Allah will give it victory. It seems that the first part of this Surah was revealed in the 7 th year of Hijrah after the Battle of Khaybar and the second part was revealed soon after the Hijrah in the 1 st year of Hijrah.

The Surah has 11 verses in 2 sections. The Surah talks about the negligence of Bani Israel in obeying the commands of Allah and becoming too much involved in worldly matters. They only carried the Books of Allah, but failed to follow these books. Muslims are urged to observe the Friday prayer and should not get involved in business so much as to neglect the remembrance of Allah. This is a Madani Surah revealed around the 6 th year of Hijrah. It has 11 verses in 2 sections.

The Surah deals with the phenomenon of hypocrisy. It criticizes hypocrisy and condemns the hypocrites. It also exhorts the Believers to be sincere in their faith and make charity. This is a Madani Surah revealed during the early Madinian period. It has 18 verses in 2 sections. The Surah invites to faith, obedience of Allah and good morals. It warns about the evil consequences of misdeeds and about the coming of the Day of Judgment when the real success or loss will be manifest.

This is a Madani Surah revealed in the 6 th year of Hijrah. It has 12 verses in 2 sections. This and the following Surah al-Tahrim speak about family rules. In this Surah the proper rules of divorce are given. Do not just say the words of divorce and separate yourself from your wives, but give them their rights. It also reminds the Believers to obey Allah and His Messenger.

Those who disobey Allah are warned the consequences of their disobedience. This is a Madani Surah revealed around the 7 th year of Hijrah. It refers to an incident that took place between the Prophet and his wives. This incident is used to instruct the Believers to understand the nature of Halal and Haram and to understand that the success and salvation in the Hereafter will not be based on family or tribal relations, but purely on faith in Allah. This was revealed in Madinh and according to some authorities it is the last Surah revealed to Prophet —peace be upon him- and it was revealed in Mina during his Last Pilgrimage.

The emphasis in these Surahs is on faith and Allah's message that has come through His last Prophet Muhammad. Although these Surahs were revealed at the very beginning of the Prophet's work in Makkah, they contain many prophecies, sometime plainly and sometime in a metaphorical language, about the success of the truth. This Surah has 30 verses in 2 sections. It talks about the greatness of Allah and beautiful universe that He has created. It reminds people that if they consider the laws of universe and travel in the land with open eyes, they will indeed see that this whole kingdom belongs to Allah and He controls everything.

This Surah has 52 verses in 2 sections. The Surah tells us that the message of the Prophet is not the talk of a madman. The writings of all scriptures bear testimony to the truth of this message. It urges people to be charitable and help the poor and needy. The story of the people of a garden is mentioned who wished to deny the charity to the poor and they suffered the consequence in losing everything. The Surah ends with the story of Prophet Jonah -peace be upon him.

It urges the Prophet and through him his followers to continue this mission and not to give up in frustration. The mission of Islam is for the whole world. The Surah tells about the fate of Thamud, 'Ad, Pharaoh, other overthrown towns, the flood that came in the time of Prophet Noah. It talks about the reward of the faithful and the punishment of disbelievers. At the end it reminds the people that this message is not poetry of a poet and something made up by the Prophet himself, it is the revelation of the Lord of the worlds.

The Surah has 44 verses in 2 sections. It talks about the ways of the ascent of the Believers. The rise of truth will be gradual, but it is sure. The Surah talks about the problems of human beings in general, but those who believe their character is different. It warns about the coming doom of the disbelievers. This Surah has 28 verses in 2 sections. This Surah talks about the preaching of Prophet Noah and then his prayer for the destruction of the disbelievers. Thus Allah's wrath came upon them and they were all destroyed in a flood.

The Surah gives assurance that the message of Allah will be accepted. It talks about some Jinn a hidden creation who accepted the message and in this way gives a prediction that if the present people deny the message, then others, yet hidden, but they will accept this message. This Surah has 20 verses in 2 sections. The Surah emphasized prayers and the reading of the Qur'an in prayers. It tells the Prophet and all those who stand to preach the message of Allah to take their strength from the word of Allah.

Read the Qur'an and spend your wealth in the path of Allah. This Surah has 56 verses in 2 sections. The subject of this Surah is da'wah of Islam. The Prophet and his followers are told to stand up to remove the evils and vices from the society. It also gives the warnings of the coming doom for those who deny the truth.


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This Surah has 40 verses in2 sections. The Surah talks about the spiritual resurrection of the soul when it becomes aware of its Lord and it speaks about the physical resurrection that will take place at the end of the world. This Surah has 31 verses in 2 sections. This Surah is also called al-Insan. It speaks about the ways human being can attain growth and spiritual development. The rewards of the Believers and the character of the Believers are also mentioned. This Surah has 50 verses in 2 sections. In the previous Surah it was mentioned how the Believers receive the moral and spiritual perfection, now in this Surah it is mentioned how the rejecters of the truth have their downfall and are destroyed.

The Surah gives an important news or message.


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  8. It tells us that the Day of Decision is coming. This beautiful and orderly universe is pointing to the Day of Decision. Allah will bring all people to judgment. The wicked will be thrown in the hell and the righteous will receive their reward from Allah. It speaks about Allah's angels who take the souls at the time of death. As Allah has power to take away the souls, as He has created the whole universe, He also has the power to resurrect people after their death. The story of Prophet Moses and Pharaoh is mentioned to warn the people about the consequences of arrogant pride which leads to the denial of the truth.

    The Surah begins with the incident of a blind man Abdullah ibn Umm Maktum who came to the Prophet to seek knowledge, while the chiefs of Makkah were denying the message. It talks about the greatness of Allah's message. Those who will accept this message they will benefit from it. But those who deny this message they are bringing harm to their own selves.

    The Surah talks about the end of the world. In a very powerful way, it gives us some of the scenes of the Last Day. All the natural power as well as the human power and authority will come to an end. This is a serious message not the words of a madman. The purpose of this message is to remind people to become morally upright. The Surah reminds human being that Allah has given them a wonderful proportionate shape, but they and the whole universe are totally dependent upon Allah.

    The creation has a purpose and the Day of Judgment will come. The Surah warns those who commit fraud in business. It reminds about honest dealings. The righteous will prosper. Allah has the record of every person. This Surah tells us that this world has no permanence. It also speaks about the record of deeds and the rewards of the righteous and the punishment of the wicked. It reminds people to pay attention to the Qur'an. The Surah speaks about the persecution of the Believers.

    Allah watches over His own people and He will bring His enemies to judgment. The Surah warns the opponents of this message. Their end might be the same as that of many nations before who denied Allah's message and persecuted the Believers. Every thing in this universe is working under the protection and supervision of the great Keeper.

    The creation of human beings as well as the creation of this universe is not a joke. The creation is a serious work of Allah and so is His word, the Qur'an. The Surah speaks about the praise of Allah the Most High. He created everything. He created the human being and gave him capacity to make progress. Man can make progress if he obeys Allah's rules. The Qur'an is the message from Allah and He will guard it. The Prophet should continue giving the message to others. Those who accept it will benefit from it, but those who will reject it they will be the losers.

    It talks about the 'Akhirah and that this message is the same that was given to Prophets Ibrahim and Moses -peace be upon them. The Surah talks about the coming calamity that will cover everything. The humanity will be divided into two groups: the frightened, tired and exhausted group, and the joyful and happy group. Then the attention is drawn to this wonderful that Allah has created. The Prophet is told to remind people. His mission is to remind only, not to impose the message. Allah will make the final judgment. The Surah talks about the judgment of Allah: the reward and punishment that will take place in the hereafter.

    The Surah begins with a reference to the city of Makkah where the Prophet was going through an experience of pain and suffering due to the denial of his people. It talks about the different stages of human life. This world is not the place of real comfort. Here is the test of human beings to do good deeds and then the final judgment will be in the Hereafter. The Surah tells us that as there is a contrast between sun and moon, night and day, heaven and earth, so there is also a big difference between good and evil.

    It has basically the same theme as the previous Surah, but it tells us about the two ways of life: good way and evil way and the consequences of both ways. This Surah gives the message of hope and consolation. It reminds about Allah's blessings and the way the Believers should take these blessings. The Surah tells us that the Believers should not give up under difficulties and stress. There will be ease after difficulties. Four historic event are mentioned here and the conclusion is drawn that Allah's judgment will come. The first five verses are among the first that were revealed to the Prophet -peace be upon him- in the cave of Hira.

    Then the rest of the Surah was revealed when the message was presented to the people of Makkah and they began threatening the Prophet. The Surah speaks about the humble beginning of human beings, but the high position that they can receive if they follow the message of Allah. It also draws attention to the different ends of those who follow the right path and those who turn away from the truth. This Surah talks about the life after death and that all deeds will be exposed on the Day of Judgment.

    The Surah tells us the ungratefulness of man and where it leads him. It describes the wild and unruly life style of the Arabs before Islam. It also reminds us that Allah is aware of all the hidden secrets of human souls and He will expose them on the Day of Judgment. The Surah gives the warning about the Day of Judgment. It will be the day of great clamor. People will be scattered and the mountains will crumble. Only those whose balance will be weighty will prosper. The Surah talks about the evil consequences of materialism and this worldliness.

    The Surah tells us that human beings are generally losers. Then it says what is the way to success and salvation. The Surah talks about some of the moral problems that affect the wealthy and then it gives them warnings of the consequences of these evils. It is similarly a reminder to others to worship Allah who provides everything. Religion means social service, helping the poor and needy.

    The Surah tells us that the true belief in God and the last day create a kind and compassionate character. The Surah tells us that there cannot be any compromise in the matters of faith and worship. People are free to follow whatever religion they want, but the truth and falsehood cannot be mixed together. This is a Madani Surah and according to most of the authorities this is the last Surah that was revealed to the Prophet —peace be upon him. The Surah reminds about the attitude of the Believer in the situation of success. One should be thankful to Allah and seek His forgiveness for any shortcomings or mistakes.

    This Surah was revealed to condemn the behavior of one of the relatives of the Prophet who stood against his message. The Surah gives a warning that those who oppose the message of Allah, they will be severely punished, regardless whether they are of the family of the Prophet or not. This is a great Surah of Tawhid. It speaks about the oneness of Allah. The Surah reminds us that evil is lurching everywhere and any things can become harmful. The Surah tells us that Satan is always against the human beings and he puts wrong suggestions in their minds.

    This is a very appropriate ending for the Book of Allah. The Book of God is to provide protection from all evil and success under the guidance of Allah. Note: Please share this article using our share buttons below. However, for permission to distribute electronically or in print, please send an email to Copyrights SoundVision.

    Thank you. A suggested guide for the person seeking to study the Quran with meaning and understanding. Are we being talked about in this Hadith? Exerpted from Khurram Murad's "Way to the Quran". This is an excellent survey of English translations of the Quran. Writing a journal is an exercise many of us who have gone through the North American school system may have encountered in English classes. This unique article offers reasons and tips for using the technique of keeping a journal to develop a deeper understanding of the Quran.

    Sound Vision aims to produce content that helps build bridges of understanding among Muslims and their neighbors, with emphasis on youth. Sound Vision would like to see Muslims achieve their full potential as dynamic and creative individuals, who are comfortable with themselves and their environment. Radio Islam is America's only live daily Muslim radio talk show that provides a two-way conversation on the air with Muslims and their neighbors in the Chicagoland area. MuslimFest is an award-winning annual festival celebrating the best in Muslim art, culture, and entertainment, attended by 25, visitors in Toronto, Canada, every year.

    Adam's World is a series of videos featuring two Muslim puppets, Adam and his sister Aneesah. Adam's World has been a source of creative Islamic education for thousands of young Muslims growing up in North America and Europe. Al-Fatihah The Opening 2. Al-Baqarah The Cow 3. Al-'Imran The Family of Amran 4.

    An-Nisa' The Women 5. Al-Ma'idah The Food 6. Al-An'am The Cattle 7. The second chapter of Fazlur Rahman's book deals with man as an individual. The soul being a mental state not entirely separate from the mind. Man is naturally born for a ceaseless moral struggle. Man has been endowed with the bounty of free choice, which creates a moral social order, as man recognizes his mission on Earth as God's vicegerent — therein lies the purpose of man's existence.

    The only one who can fight Satan's attack effectively is a truly virtuous man for the obvious reason he realizes their true primordial nature. The complication that arises is that most men refuse to acknowledge and realize their long-term moral goals. God does not seal up the hearts of men capriciously but only because of their actions. Men and women are individually responsible for their deeds.

    The rationale behind this is that it is easier to fall, but difficult to attain the heights of purity. God's presence gives meaning to an individual's life both collective and personal. His absence means removal of all meaning from human life. God creates a being and puts in it certain potentialities. Whereas the cosmos surrenders to the Will of God by following its ingrained laws, man is the only exception to this universal law because of him being endowed with free choice. This is a command of God written upon man's heart, which cannot be disobeyed.

    Man is hasty and petty, he only remembers God when he is in suffering. These extremities in his character show that there exist within him certain moral tensions. There is to remain a balance within this God-given framework for human action to function with stability. Thus, these contradictory extremities are not the problem here, as is keeping the balance. Remembrance of God and this framework of moral tensions work together.

    Action rests with man but real and effective judgement rests with God. The circulation of wealth should not remain in a few hands only. This laid down the basis for social justice. By laying down the principles of a just family system where the parents are to be respected and obeyed. This obedience, though, is not blind obedience and if the parents say anything contrary to the Word of God they are not to be obeyed. Justice is a prerequisite in every action of man.

    The Muslim community is constituted by its ideology, Islam. Freedom of life, religion, earning and owning property and personal honour and dignity are rights that the state is duty bound to protect. If he fails to do so, the wife has the right to seek divorce. Sins of omission are as bad as sins of commission. This is why Muhammad sws came to warn his people; his message, once delivered, became universal.

    Awakening of consciences particularly the collective conscience is extremely important. Here again rises the theme of unity. Man and society are one, working towards a higher goal. God simply gave the command 'Be' and it was done. Nature cannot disobey God's commands; it is therefore Muslim. Nature and all things else are finite.

    Major Themes of the Qur'an

    Even if they realize these potentialities ingrained in them by God, they can end up into finitude but not infinity. Where a creature claims complete self-sufficiency, it claims infinitude and a share in divinity shirk. Nature is a miracle of God. The entire cosmos is a sign ayah of God. Due to man's short-sightedness, he refuses to acknowledge this. Man's obstinacy is so clear that he rebels because he views nature as autonomous. He ironically takes the suppression of nature as a miracle of God.

    There are four kinds of signs described in this chapter. Bayyinah supra-natural miracles are those that go against the course of nature. They support the truth of the Messenger's teaching. They can either be perceived or misperceived. They are different from magic. In order to realize their meaning, one must have the capacity for faith mental-cum-spiritual. It might cause those who were fairly determined in their rejection of the truth to accept it anyway.

    God's great sign is the nature and the universe. Man has to discover this himself. Nature exists for man to exploit for his own ends. That is its purpose. Man's purpose is to serve the Creator, therein lies the difference between physical and moral law. This chapter discusses the indivisibility and universality of Prophethood and the nature and mode of Muhammad's sws revelatory experience. The message of the prophets is universal and is to be followed by the entire humanity. It is the prophet's responsibility to get the message across under all circumstances.

    Muhammad sws is the 'Seal of the Prophets' 2 and through him the evolutionary process of religion has come to an end in the form of Islam — the most perfect and adequate religion. Man's moral condition is dependant upon Divine Guidance. The essential teachings of all the prophets are the same i. Taking his cue from the earlier prophets, Muhammad sws is a messenger in desperate hurry, for he sees the despairing condition of his people.

    This experience was one of a spiritual nature. The intensity of it was so great that came to be of a quasi-concrete value. Revelation came upon the Prophet's heart through a Spirit on the Night of Power al-qadr. It is vital to bear in mind that God does not speak to men but through a Spirit infused in the mind of the Prophet sws. Within its simplicity lies its beauty. It is the moment of truth, when all preoccupations of man will be lifted and he will be so acutely aware of himself as he never was.

    He will become totally transparent. He will stand alone before God and what he did in the previous life would be in the journal in his hand. No one will intercede on his behalf except by the permission of God. Undoubtedly the verdict to be passed in the Hereafter hinges upon the long-term endeavours of man's life. Instead, it talks of the transformation or rearrangement of the present order, demonstrating God's absolute power. Reality is made up of moral and just conduct and so it is obvious that the quality of this conduct be judged. All disputes and conflicts of human beliefs and other orientations are to be resolved and man's blurry vision, thus, cleared — therein lies the purpose of the Last Day.

    Satan is described as being of the jinn and he disobeyed the command of his Lord. The Jinn are considered as being creations parallel to man, but more prone to do evil.