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Minneapolis St. Paul People Place and Public Life
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Minneapolis Neighborhood Revitalization Program. December 29, Archived from the original on January 3, November 17, Retrieved February 10, Earth Day Network. Archived from the original on October 7, Retrieved February 24, Retrieved July 16, Minn Post. Minneapolis has 18 hotels, with a total of 5, rooms. The major convention facility, opened in , is the Minneapolis Convention Center, featuring 26, square meters , square feet of exhibit space topped by three soaring copper domes, as well as a ballroom with proscenium stage for gala events.
The convention center is linked to the city's eight-kilometer five-mile system of walkways that connects with hotels, shops, restaurants, and entertainment venues. March St. Supreme Court justices Warren Burger b. Aviatrix Amelia Earhart — The Great Gatsby author F. Scott Fitzgerald — Industrialist and billionaire J. Paul Getty — Humphrey — Radio personality and author Garrison Keillor b. Cartoonist Charles Schulz — , creator of the Peanuts comic strip. Author Meridel Le Sueur — Journalist Eric Sevareid — Minneapolis City Net.
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CitySmart Guidebook. Nyberg, Joan. Paul: Wingtip Press, Smith, Robert Tighe. Paul: The Cities, Their People. Helena, MT: American Geographic, Cite this article Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography. September 22, Retrieved September 22, from Encyclopedia.
Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list. Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia. Manufacturing is the primary industry in Minneapolis's diversified economic base. Principal manufacturing areas are electronics, milling, machinery, medical products, food processing, and graphic arts. Sixteen of the Fortune largest U.
The area is also home to 30 Fortune companies and several of the world's largest private companies. Also integral to the local economy are high-technology industries. With the University of Minnesota and other colleges and technical schools providing applied research and well-trained scientists and engineers, one of the largest concentrations of high-technology firms in the nation — more than 1, — developed in metropolitan Minneapolis- Saint Paul.
Among the banks and other financial institutions that make the Twin Cities the financial center of the upper Midwest, seven of the largest are based in Minneapolis. Local banks, savings and loan companies, venture capital concerns, and insurance companies play a major role in the economic development of the region. Items and goods produced: electronics, food and dairy products, super computers, structural steel, thermostatic controls, conveyor systems, medical electronics equipment, farm machinery, ball bearings, tools, construction machinery, boilers, tanks, burglar alarms, underwear and hosiery, packaging, garden tools, lawn mowers, sprinklers.
The Minneapolis Community Development Agency MCDA , the development arm of the City of Minneapolis, provides a host of affordable financing packages and site-search assistance for businesses expanding in or relocating to Minneapolis. As an authorized agent for the federal Small Business Administration, the MCDA can combine federal small business financing with Minneapolis' own unique finance tools to help companies grow. MCDA business experts help businesses realize their goals from preliminary negotiations to closing. State business tax incentives include research and development credits, foreign income deductions, and sales tax exemptions and reductions.
In addition the state of Minnesota offers, through a network of five job-training programs, assistance to businesses in locating and training employees. The Minneapolis Employment and Training Program METP , a service of the City of Minneapolis, offers a variety of training and job placement services for youth, adult, and mature workers as well as dislocated and welfare workers.
Fueling the local economy is the redevelopment of downtown Minneapolis. Since the expansion of the now-famous Nicollet Mall in the s and the initiation of the innovative skyway system, billions of dollars have been invested in construction projects. The Franklin-Portland Gateway is a phased multi-use development; the first phase was completed in April and included rental and ownership residential units as well as the four-story community and education Children's Village Center.
Future phases will add an additional 65 rental units, 13 ownership units, and 14, square feet of commercial-use space. The Boulevard is a mixed-use affordable living center with more than 60, square feet of community space. The Hiawatha Light Rail opened to travelers in ; future expansion will make it into a mile line that will connect downtown Minneapolis with Minneapolis- Saint Paul International Airport and the Mall of America in Bloomington. Planning is complete for a regional rail route, the Northstar Corridor, which will connect St. Cloud with Minneapolis using an existing mile freight corridor.
The expansion added , square feet of exhibit space, making the center one of the 20 largest in the country. The new section includes , square feet of exhibition space, with 60, square feet of that space divisible into 44 individual meeting rooms, and a 3, seat auditorium. An important factor in the Minneapolis economy is the Minneapolis-Saint Paul International Airport, which is served by 16 cargo carriers and air-freight forwarders.
The airport handles more than , tons of freight yearly. The Twin Cities area is also linked with major United States and Canadian markets via a network of four railroad companies.
Considered one of the largest trucking centers in the nation, Minneapolis-Saint Paul is served by motor freight companies that provide overnight and four- to five-day delivery in the Midwest and major markets in the continental United States. Vital to the Twin Cities' role as a primary transportation hub is the port of Minneapolis, which together with the port of Saint Paul processes annually more than 11 million tons of cargo to and from domestic and foreign markets.
The Twin Cities boasts an educated work force; Unemployment in the Twin Cities remained low in the early s. Companies are expanding rapidly and there is considerable competition for skilled workers especially in the areas of healthcare and technical positions, social services, personal care, construction, and computer professions.
The suburban Mall of America, one of the most popular tourist destinations in the United States , has a significant economic impact. The Twin Cities' economy is keeping pace with, and in some cases surging ahead of the national economy. Some of the leading industries are medical instrument and supplies manufacturing, printing and publishing, transportation equipment, computer and data processing services, finance, and engineering and management services. The following is a summary of data regarding the Minneapolis-Saint Paul metropolitan area, annual average:. The Twin Cities region has one of the lowest costs of living among the 25 largest cities in the United States.
The following is a summary of data regarding several key cost of living factors in the Minneapolis area. Paul U. State income tax rate: Ranges from 5. State sales tax rate: 6. Local income tax rate: None. Sightseeing in Minneapolis might begin with the Chain of Lakes — Lake of the Isles, Lake Calhoun, and Lake Harriet — just a few miles west of downtown; in all, 16 lakes are located within the city limits and more than 1, are in close proximity.
A life-size statue of Hiawatha holding his wife Minnehaha is located on an island just above the falls. For those with an interest in Minneapolis's historical roots, the American Swedish Institute maintains a turn-of-the-century room mansion that displays Swedish immigrant artifacts as well as traveling exhibits. The Ard Godrey House, built in and the oldest existing frame house in the city, features authentic period furnishings. Minneapolis's early history and development are captured at the Hennepin History Museum.
Fort Snelling , a historic landmark dating from overlooking Fort Snelling State Park, has been restored to its frontier-era appearance and is open six months a year. At the Minnesota Zoo, seven trails lead to exhibits in natural settings. The Minneapolis Planetarium, with a foot dome, projects over 2, stars. More than 1, acres cultivated with numerous varieties of trees, flowers, and shrubs make up the Minnesota Landscape Arboretum.
In both Minneapolis and Saint Paul , business and the arts go hand-in-hand. The Five Percent Club consists of local businesses and corporations that donate five percent of their pretax earnings to the arts, education, or human services. This investment results in such high-quality institutions as the Guthrie Theater, named for Sir Tyrone Guthrie , which ranks as one of the best regional and repertory theater companies in the United States. The Walker Art Center exhibits progressive modern art in an award-winning building designed by Edward Larrabee Barnes, which has been judged among the best art exhibition facilities in the world.
The center, housing a permanent collection that represents major twentieth-century movements, also sponsors a program of music, dance, film, theater, and educational activities. The Minnesota Orchestra, performing at Orchestra Hall on Nicollet Mall and at Ordway Music Theater in Saint Paul , presents a season of concerts that includes a great performers series, the weekender series, a pop series, and a summer festival.
Family holiday concerts are performed at Christmas time. Touring Broadway musicals and musical stars perform at the restored Orpheum Theater. The Children's Theater Company offers a world-class theater education program for young people. International theater professionals work with student actors and technicians to present productions of the highest quality.
The Minneapolis Sculpture Garden, adjacent to the Walker Art Center, was designed by landscape architect Peter Rothschild; it consists of four symmetrical square plazas that display more than 55 works by Henry Moore , George Segal , and Deborah Butterfield, among others. The Minneapolis Institute of Arts showcases world art in a collection of more than , objects from every period and culture. Minneapolis celebrates March with a St. The Minneapolis Aquatennial, established in , is a day extravaganza held in late July with a special theme each year; the Aquatennial Association programs over free events that focus on the city's proximity to water.
Many Minneapolis festivals honor the city's Scandinavian heritage. Other festivals celebrate ethnic cultures with music, dance, food, arts, and crafts. Uptown Art Fair, one of the largest such events in the country, is held on a weekend in early August. The Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome is home to two of the city's major sports franchises; the Minnesota Twins of the Central Division of baseball's American League and the Minnesota Vikings of the Central Division of the National Football League play their home games in this domed stadium, conveniently located downtown.
Sports fans can also attend major and minor sporting events at the University of Minnesota — Twin Cities, which fields Big Ten teams like the Gophers, who play to sellout crowds. Minneapolis is one of the country's most naturally beautiful cities, enhanced by playgrounds, 8 community centers, 7 municipal golf links, and 16 lakes within the city limits. The abundance of easily accessible water makes possible a full range of water sports and activities in both summer and winter.
Four thousand acres of city park land are available for swimming, canoeing, sailing, windsurfing, waterskiing, roller-skating, and biking along with softball, tennis, and golf; about , acres of land are set aside in the Twin Cities region for parks, trails, and wildlife management areas. Winter sports include skating, skiing, snowshoeing, and ice fishing.
Minneapolis is the originator on a grand scale of the "second floor city" concept, integrating essentially two downtowns — a sidewalk-level traditional downtown and a second city joined by an elaborate skywalk system. Nicollet Mall, completed in , redefined the urban downtown and eliminated the element of weather as a deterrent to the shopper. This all-weather skywalk system connects an indoor shopping center whose four major department stores and hundreds of specialty shops cover 34 city blocks. Shopping activity is also a part of the City Center mall, undergoing renovations in Anthony Main, along the historic Mississippi riverfront, consists of old warehouses and office buildings converted to a shopping center.
Dinner cruises on the Mississippi River are offered during the summer. The area where Minneapolis is now located was farmed and hunted by the Sioux tribe before the arrival of Father Louis Hennepin , a French Franciscan missionary who explored the Mississippi River in Father Hennepin discovered the future site of Minneapolis at a waterfall on the navigable head of the Mississippi River; the falls, which he named after St. Anthony, have since played a crucial role in the city's development.
Anthony on a bluff overlooking the confluence of the Minnesota and Mississippi Rivers. Renamed Fort Snelling in , it safeguarded fur traders from the warring Sioux and Chippewa and served as a trading center and outpost to the Upper Midwest. Anthony Falls provided the source of power for lumber and flour milling, the two industries that fueled the city's rapid growth. Soldiers built the first flour mill in and the first commercial sawmill was in operation in Attracting settlers from New England , particularly lumbermen from Maine , the rich land was ready for settlement.
A geographical fault discovered at the falls in nearly led to economic disaster and the demise of these industries, but an apron built with federal funding secured the source of waterpower and helped the city to grow in wealth and prosperity. In the village of All Saints was founded on the west side of the falls and nine years later settlers who squatted on U. Also in , the village of St. Anthony on the east side of the falls was incorporated. In the name of All Saints was changed to Minneapolis, which was derived from the Sioux "minne" for water and the Greek "polis" for city.
Anthony was chartered as a city in and Minneapolis six years later. Then in the two cities become one, spanning both sides of the Mississippi River, with the name of the larger being retained. Immigrants from Northern Europe, particularly Sweden but also Norway , Denmark , and Finland , flocked to Minneapolis to work in the new industries. A shoemaker named Nils Nyberg is credited as being the first Swede to settle, having arrived in St.
Anthony in The wave of Scandinavian immigration after the Civil War was felt in every aspect of life in Minneapolis. In one short generation Minneapolis emerged as a great American city. The original New England settlers platted the streets to reflect order and prosperity, with the boulevards lined with oak and elm trees. The Mississippi River divided the city and served as the focal point of the street grid. The city's rapid population growth and booming economy were attributable in part to the perfection of the Purifer, a flour-sifting device, that made possible the production of high-quality flour from inexpensive spring wheat and led to the construction of large flour mills.
A mill explosion in that destroyed half the flour mill district prompted residents to research methods to reduce mill dust. Minnesota emerged as the world's leading flour-milling center by Steam-powered machinery propelled the lumber industry and during the period to Minneapolis was the world's foremost producer of lumber. Production was so high that logs actually jammed the river from the timberlands of the north in Minneapolis became a rail transportation center during this period, further contributing to economic prosperity.
The lumber industry in Minneapolis declined once the great forest lands of the north were exhausted, and the large milling companies were forced to relocate some of their plants in other cities to combat the high cost of transportation, which further hurt the economy. After World War II Minneapolis rebounded and became a national leader in the manufacture of computers, electronic equipment, and farm machinery. It established a reputation as a progressive city, undertaking an ambitious urban development project that improved the downtown core and revitalized the economic base.
Minneapolis-St. Paul: People, Place, and Public Life - John S. Adams - Google Books
The innovative Nicollet Mall, with a skywalk system, was one of the first of its kind in a major city. Minneapolis and its twin city, Saint Paul , emerged as one of the nation's fastest-growing metropolitan areas in the s and s. By the end of the century, the area continued its growth, ranking as the eighth fastest growing in the country. Minneapolis embraces continued growth and beautification in the twenty-first century.
Leveraging its early roots in the flour milling and lumber industry the city has become the home of such major corporations as General Mills, International MultiFoods, and Anderson Windows as well as attracting growth in the technology and healthcare services fields. Development of sporting venues and cleanup of the city's brownfields add to the appeal of living in the Twin Cities area; Minneapolis's successful transformation has inspired other cities to find solutions to the problems of urban decay.
Minnesota Historical Society, Kellogg Blvd. West, Saint Paul , MN ; telephone The Minneapolis Public Schools, the largest school district in Minnesota , provides students with a truly international education that will better prepare them for life in a global community. Students in the districts who are currently learning English also speak one of 90 other languages in their home.
Families may choose community or magnet schools, with at least 10 school options available for kindergarten families and more than 15 programs available for high school students. Ninety-eight percent of incoming kindergarten families receive their first choice. The district introduced all-day kindergarten in The following is a summary of data regarding the Minneapolis public schools as of the — school year. The University of Minnesota — Twin Cities, a state institution with an enrollment of more than 45, full-time students, is located in Minneapolis.
The university ranks among the nation's top 20 universities. Five degree levels — baccalaureate, first-professional, master's, intermediate, and doctorate — are available in fields, including architecture, medicine, engineering, journalism, management, teacher education, public health , and music. Former students and faculty members have been awarded 12 Nobel Prizes in physics, medicine, chemistry, economics, and peace.
Augsburg College and North Central Bible College, private religious institutions, award associate, baccalaureate, and master's degrees. The Minneapolis College of Art and Design offers four-year programs in fine and applied arts. The Central Library has the largest collection of any public library in Minnesota.
In the Central Library collection was moved to a branch location for the rebuilding of the new Central Library, opening spring The University of Minnesota Libraries — Twin Cities, also located in Minneapolis, have total holdings of more than 6 million volumes in major academic departments and more than 36, periodical subscriptions.
The library is a depository for federal and state documents. The Immigration History Research Center at the university houses one of the nation's most comprehensive collections of the immigrant past. More than 70 special libraries and research centers serve the city. Most are affiliated with state and county government agencies, businesses and corporations, hospitals, churches and synagogues, and arts organizations.
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The largest city in the state and a port of entry, it is a major industrial and rail hub. With adjacent St. Paul the two are known as the Twin Cities , it is the processing, distribution, and trade center for a vast grain and cattle area. Minneapolis is also a banking and financial center with a significant high-technology industry. Chief among the many manufactures are food products, electronic equipment, instruments, graphic art products, machinery, fabricated metals, chemicals, and textiles.
Although the central city's population has declined since the s, the suburbs have grown. An influx of African Americans and immigrants began to change the city's racial composition in the s. The falls were visited by Louis Hennepin in ; Fort Snelling was established in ; and a sawmill was built at the falls in The village of St.
Anthony was settled c. Minneapolis originated on the river's west side c. It annexed St. The city became the country's foremost lumber center, and after the plains were planted with wheat and the railroads were built, flour milling developed, with the ft m falls supplying power.
The city was laid out with wide streets and has 22 lakes and parks. Minneapolis also has several noteworthy skyscrapers, including those by Cesar Pelli and by Philip Johnson and John Burgee. In Minnehaha Park is the Stevens House , the city's first frame house. The city's main shopping avenue is a block mall lined with trees and flowers, with a skyway system of walks for pedestrians. The Minnesota Orchestra was founded there in The city is the seat of the Univ.
The Minnesota Twins baseball , Timberwolves basketball , and Vikings football are the city's professional sports teams. See C. Walker, American City, , repr. Kane, The Fall of St. In , Minneapolis- St. The airport is served by ten major domestic carriers. Six reliever airports are also located in the metropolitan area.
Amtrak runs a major east-west line from Chicago and the East into Saint Paul. Two major interstate highways serve Minneapolis: I east-west and IW north-south. Two belt-line freeways, I and I, facilitate travel around the Twin-City suburbs. Seven federal and 13 state highways link the city with points throughout the United States and Canada.
Minneapolis is laid out on a grid pattern, with streets south of Grant Street intersecting on a north-south axis and those north of Grant running diagonally northeast-southwest. Residents think of their hometown as made up of five major parts: North Side, South Side, Northeast, Southeast, and downtown, each with its own distinct character and attractions.
The Minneapolis Skywalk System connects major downtown public buildings and retail establishments with elevated, covered walkways. There are also smaller communities such as Uptown on the South Side and Dinkytown on the edge of the University of Minnesota 's Minneapolis campus. Additional bus service is provided by five private operators, including Gray Line, which conducts sightseeing tours, stopping at Nicollet Mall and at various hotels in Minneapolis and Saint Paul.
The city is noted for efficiency of commuting time: the freeway system, moderate population density, and two central business districts contribute to high levels of mobility during peak and non-peak hours. In the first route of the Hiawatha Light Rail Transit LRT was opened to the public; the light rail will be developed to include 13 miles or rail along Hiawatha Avenue taking passengers into downtown Minneapolis, the airport, and the Mall of America. Percent change, — Percent change, — 3. Percent of families below poverty level: The major daily newspaper in Minneapolis is the Star Tribune.
Several neighborhood and suburban newspapers are distributed weekly in the city. Paul is a magazine focusing on metropolitan life in the Twin Cites. A popular publication with a national distribution is The Utne Reader. Other special interest magazines based in Minneapolis pertain to such subjects as religion, aviation, business, entertainment, hunting and conservation, minority issues, medicine, politics, and computers. Four television stations broadcast out of Minneapolis, as do two cable stations.