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Poplowski, who also had racist and anti-Semitic views, was eventually sentenced to death in the killings. Holocaust Memorial Museum and killed a guard. He clearly intended to get into the museum and kill many more, but was himself shot and later died. From there, the roster of human carnage continued without pause. A nativist extremist murdered a Latino man and his 9-year-old daughter; a longtime white supremacist was indicted and later convicted of sending a mail bomb that injured a diversity officer in Arizona; an angry tax protester flew an airplane into an Austin IRS building, killing himself and an IRS manager and injuring 13 others.

They were exhausted and perplexed by the criticisms of Napolitano, who accused them of violating vetting procedures. And Napolitano was not the only political figure that criticized Johnson and his colleagues. In the years since then, the DHS has held up or canceled a number of planned reports on domestic terrorism of various types. Even some law enforcement briefings were cancelled. At the same time, in the aftermath of the Sept. But in the aftermath of the April murder of three people at two Kansas Jewish institutions, allegedly by a well-known neo-Nazi, Attorney General Eric Holder announced that he was bringing the committee back to life.

It had held no meetings, however, as of press time. While it certainly could not prevent most terrorist attacks, the information it once produced was of high interest and importance to many police agencies. Former West Memphis, Ark. And more than 70 fusion centers — regional centers where federal, state and local law enforcement agencies share information about threats — put out occasional papers and warnings to possible targets.

But those who study terrorism are still deeply worried by the virtual dissolution of the DHS team. Still, there does seem to be some new activity on the part of the federal government, including the planned reactivation of the Domestic Terrrorism Executive Committee. The government is funding a number of studies on radicalization and other matters related to domestic terrorism.

But it still remains to be seen if these initiatives and others really deal effectively with the threat. For his part, Daryl Johnson, who warned in of the increasing move toward lone wolf and leaderless terrorism — criminal acts that are almost impossible to stop in advance because so few people are involved in their planning — worries that the government still concentrates too much on foreign Muslim extremists, and that the recent Charlie Hebdo attack in Paris could add to that bias. He says that another extreme-right attack on the order of Oklahoma City, which was facilitated by the fact that only four people knew of the plot in advance, is entirely likely.

The list includes both terrorist attacks and foiled terrorist plots, as well as unplanned situations, such as traffic stops, where extremists were confronted by law enforcement officials and reacted with major violence. Poplawski believed that an attack on gun rights was imminent and that U. Poplawski was heavily influenced by radio radical Alex Jones, many of whose conspiracy theories he believed. After fleeing the scene, Cartwright is fatally shot during a gun battle with pursuing officers.

He also reportedly believed the U. The county sheriff tells reporters that Cartwright had been interested in joining a militia group. Forde is eventually convicted and sentenced to death. Authorities say that Bush had ties to the neo-Nazi Aryan Nations in Idaho and that Forde has spoken of recruiting its members. Adherents of the freemen movement describe themselves as sovereign citizens not subject to federal and other laws, and often issue their own vehicle license plates.

It was one of those unauthorized homemade plates that led Topeka police to stop Roeder in , when a search of his trunk revealed a pound of gunpowder, a 9-volt bat- 18 southern poverty law center tery wired to a switch, blasting caps and ammunition. In , Roeder is sentenced to life in prison for the Tiller murder. Holocaust Memorial Museum, but is critically wounded by other officers as he tries to storm into the facility.

Von Brunn had a long history in the white supremacist movement. In the early s, he worked at the Holocaust-denying Noontide Press and in subsequent decades he came to know many of the key leaders of the radial right. In , von Brunn used a sawed-off shotgun to attempt unsuccessfully to kidnap members of the Federal Reserve Board in Washington, and served six years in prison as a result.

Obama does what his Jew owners tell him to do. Jews control the mass media. Several other members of his Sunni Muslim group also are arrested. Army psychiatrist, fatally shoots 13 people and injures more than 30 others at Fort Hood. Although the U. Department of Defense and federal law enforcement agencies later classify the mass murder as an act of workplace violence and not terrorism, a series of E-mails between Hasan and Yemen-based imam Anwar al-Awlaki, who had been monitored by U.

Hassan is eventually convicted of 13 counts of premeditated murder and 32 counts of attempted murder and sentenced to death. Stack and an IRS manager are killed and 13 others are injured. Stack leaves behind a long online rant about the IRS and the tax code, politicians and corporations. Whitaker flees, crashing his vehicle and continuing on foot.

Whitaker is later extradited to Florida to face charges of assaulting and fleeing from a police officer. In , he is sentenced to life in prison. Federal authorities discover a pipe bomb along the perimeter of the federal courthouse in Spokane, Wash. MATTHEW FAIRFIELD — president of a local chapter of the Oath Keepers, a radical antigovernment organization given to baseless conspiracy theories and largely composed of police and military officers and veterans — is indicted on 28 explosives charges, 25 counts of receiving stolen property and one count of possessing criminal tools.

Fairfield pleads guilty to explosives charges and is sentenced in to 16 years in prison. He is sentenced to four additional years in prison, to be served concurrently with his initial sentence. Huff was angry about the arrest the same month of Walter Francis Fitzpatrick III, a leader of the far-right American Grand Jury movement that sought to have grand juries indict President Obama for treason. At the time, several others in the antigovernment movement accuse Huff of white supremacist and anti-Semitic attitudes in Internet postings.

He is sentenced to four years in federal prison. No one is injured in the attack. Surveillance videotape from the mosque shows a white man setting the bomb, and law enforcement interest quickly turns to Smith. When police approach Smith, he draws a weapon and is shot and killed by officers.

A father-and-son team of sovereign citizens, who believe police, have no right to regulate road travel, murder West Memphis, Ark. Authorities catch up with them about 45 minutes later. In the ensuing shootout, two more officers are badly wounded and both Kanes are killed. The pair had been traveling the country offering seminars in bogus sovereign techniques for avoiding foreclosure and related matters. The church is only lightly damaged. Pudder later pleads guilty to intentionally destroying religious property for reasons of race.

He is sentenced to 51 months in prison. No one is killed, but two troopers are slightly injured. Williams, who is shot in the arms and legs, later tells authorities that he was on his way to carry out an attack office of the American Civil Liberties Union and the Tides Foundation, a liberal organization that, although little known to most Americans, had been repeatedly pilloried by then-Fox News host Glenn Beck. In , a jury convicts Williams of four counts of premeditated attempted murder of a peace officer and three counts of being a felon in possession of a firearm.

He is sentenced to years in prison. Peake is sentenced in to life in prison. The next year, Tuso is sentenced to between 11 and 23 months in prison. McKinney officers fire back at Sharp and, when they later close in on his position, find him dead of gunshot wounds. Mower confesses to the attack and pleads guilty to arson, damaging religious property and violating the Freedom of Access to Clinics Act.

He is sentenced in to five years in prison and three years of supervised release. After earlier receiving tips that Moose was posting threats of violence against abortion providers and information about explosives on his Facebook page, the FBI set up a sting operation to capture him. Moose ultimately pleads guilty to distributing information on manufacturing and use of an explosive and is sentenced to 30 months in prison. He is released in Steve McNeil to access an oil well to which the company owned rights. White — who had ties to the separatist Republic of Texas, which claims Texas is a sovereign nation never legally annexed by the United States — eventually surrenders and is charged with three counts of attempted capital murder of a peace officer, one count of attempted capital murder, and aggravated assault.

He is sentenced to life in prison in CURTIS SCRIVER , a sovereign citizen facing charges of menacing with a deadly weapon, disorderly conduct and two counts of possession of a dangerous weapon, is killed in a gun battle in Riggins, Idaho, that begins after law enforcement officers try to arrest him for sending a threatening letter to the court. Your court and attorneys should know this, as it is your job to know. He is charged with and eventually convicted of attempting to use a weapon of mass destruction, although his attorney claims he was entrapped.

Mohamud is sentenced in to 30 years in federal prison. Crawford had reportedly ranted about Muslims and describes himself as a Christian warrior after the arson. Dodson pleads guilty to similar charges later that year and is eventually sentenced to 15 years in prison. A sophisticated improvised explosive device is discovered in a backpack placed on the route of a Martin Luther King Jr. Day parade that included some 1, participants. Harpham is a one-time member of the neo-Nazi National Alliance and has posted more than 1, messages to the neo-Nazi Vanguard News Network since and contributed articles to the white supremacist Aryan Alternative tabloid.

Harpham is accused of attempted use of a weapon of mass destruction, and in December pleads guilty to that charge and another of planting a bomb as part of a hate crime. He is sentenced to 32 years in prison. The group already has a large cache of weapons, including a. Cox, who had earlier identified himself as a sovereign citizen, is convicted in of 12 counts, including conspiracy to kill a judge and law enforcement officials.

He is sentenced the next year to almost 26 years in federal prison. The pair, who plotted to blow up synagogues across New York City, is charged with second-degree conspiracy as a crime of terrorism, second-degree conspiracy as a hate crime and second-degree criminal possession of a weapon as a crime of terrorism. Officials say the two have no known connection to Islamic extremist groups. Both men are convicted and, in , Ferhani is sentenced to 10 years in prison, while Mamdouh gets five years.

Three masked men break into the Madrasah Islamiah, an Islamic center in Houston, and douse prayer rugs with gasoline in an apparent attempt to burn the center down. Images of the men are captured on surveillance cameras, but they are not identified. The fire is put out before doing major damage. A man with a long history of menacing abortion clinics is arrested on weapons charges after he accidentally shoots a pistol through the door of a motel room.

Lang is sentenced to 10 years in prison in After several miles, Burgert pulls over and begins firing at the deputies before fleeing on foot into the woods. He escapes his pursuers and is still a fugitive as of early TESI opens fire on a Colleyville police officer who followed him to Hurst, but instead is shot himself, in the face and the foot, by the officer.

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Virtually all so-called Moorish nationals are black, but Tesi is white. In his writings, Tesi used the obscure language favored by sovereign citizens, arguing that police had no right to regulate his travel. He is found guilty of aggravated assault on a public servant in and sentenced to 35 years in state prison.

An African American man was also found shot to death in Eureka. Earlier, Pederson served time for threatening to kill the federal judge who handled the Ruby Ridge, Idaho, case of white supremacist Randy Weaver. Pedersen is eventually sentenced to four life terms without the possibility of parole, while Grigsby is handed a single life sentence. Four members of a north Georgia militia are arrested in a plot to bomb federal buildings, attack Atlanta and other cities with deadly ricin, and murder law enforcement officials.

Authorities say the plot was inspired by an online novel, Absolved, written by longtime Alabama militiaman Mike Vanderboegh. Thomas, the ringleader, and Roberts plead guilty in to charges of conspiring to possess explosives and firearms and are each sentenced to five years in federal prison for conspiring to obtain an unregistered explosive device.

Crump and Adams are convicted in January of conspiring to produce a toxic agent to poison government officials, and are each sentenced later in the year to 10 years in prison followed by five years of supervised release. Four Army soldiers at Fort Stewart, Ga. In April , the Army charges Aguigui with killing his wife, whose death was initially ruled accidental, and their unborn child. In July , Aguigui pleads guilty in the murders of York and Roark, and is sentenced to life in prison. He subsequently is convicted in military court of the murder of his wife and is sentenced to life in prison without the possibility of parole.

Two other soldiers, PVT. Immediately after being cited, Myers gets out of his car and begins firing at the two officers. John David Dryer, a year-old part-time officer, is killed in the encounter, and a second officer, Robert V. Caldwell III, is badly injured. Myers, a former police officer himself, is also killed in the shootout. No one was injured, and Grady is arrested the next day. In early , Grady is convicted and sentenced to 11 years in prison. In , both men plead guilty, avoiding the possibility of the death penalty, and are each sentenced to life in prison without the possibility of parole.

Prosecutors say Thomas, 42, also planned to attack the Mexican consulate in St. Paul with a truck loaded with flaming barrels of oil and gasoline. Johnson, a former leader of the neo-Nazi National Socialist Movement with prior convictions for armed crimes, was scouting for a training compound in Illinois or Minnesota and seeking to recruit others into his group, court papers say. In the end, Johnson pleads guilty to being a felon in possession of weapons and is sentenced to 15 years in prison.

Thomas pleads to intent to distribute 50 grams of methamphetamine and, in , is sentenced to 10 years in prison. Chi is an avid tax protester who has posted numerous videos, statements and rants on the Internet about the alleged evils of the Federal Reserve, the IRS, President Obama and the federal government.

He had been a fugitive since , when he violated probation in California on a weapons charge. Chi pleads guilty in to possessing an unregistered explosive and malicious use of an explosive and is sentenced to 22 years in prison. Wounded by police, Page then shoots and kills himself at the scene. He was also a well-known fixture on the white power music scene, playing in the band End Apathy and several others. Seven people, six of them deeply enmeshed in the sovereign citizens movement , allegedly ambush and murder St.

Bright is released when officials decide she is telling the truth about having merely hitched a ride with the Smith clan. Eventually, Skains and Keith plead guilty as accessories and agree to testify against the others. Derrick Smith pleads to the same charge, receiving a five-year sentence, and also to being a felon in possession of a weapon, getting another 12 years as a result.

Brian Smith and Joekel are charged with capital murder and Terry Smith is charged with being a principal to attempted first-degree murder. Lacy is fatally shot by another trooper, and Youngstrom dies the next day.


Schmidt is unable to own the weapons legally because he is a felon who served 13 years for murdering a Latino man and wounding two others in a traffic dispute. Authorities also discover a notebook they say Schmidt was using to track Detroit-area Jewish and African-American leaders, apparently as a prelude to some kind of attack. Schmidt is indicted in Toledo in January on three federal counts of possessing illegal firearms, body armor and ammunition, and one count of trafficking in counterfeit goods.

He pleads guilty in July of that year to violating federal firearms laws and is later sentenced to nearly six years in prison. Tamerlan Tsarnaev is shot multiple times during that April 18 firefight on and dies after his brother runs him over with a stolen SUV while escaping. A day later, Dzohkhar Tsarnaev is found hiding in a boat parked in the backyard of a residence in Watertown, Mass.

He is charged with plus counts of homegrown terrorism, including the use of a weapon of mass destruction and malicious destruction of property resulting in death. According to interrogation reports, Dzhokhar claims he and his brother were self-radicalized in their extremist Islamic beliefs and angered by the U. His trial is set for early It is at least the third time Rogers has been arrested. He pleads guilty to two counts of weapons violations in early and is subsequently sentenced to three years and four months in prison.

FEIGHT are arrested at their homes in upstate New York after a year-long investigation and charged with conspiracy to provide material support to terrorists for use of a weapon of mass destruction. Crawford is a member of the United Northern and Southern Knights of the Ku Klux Klan and an industrial mechanic with General Electric; Feight is an outside contractor for the company with engineering skills. In , Crawford is indicted for conspiring to use a weapon of mass destruction and related charges, while his alleged accomplice is reportedly in talks about a plea agreement that would involve testifying against Crawford.

Both Brutsche, a convicted felon and registered sex. The two are charged with felony conspiracy to commit murder, conspiracy to commit kidnapping and attempted kidnapping. Newman pleads guilty in December to conspiracy to commit false imprisonment, a misdemeanor, and is sentenced to a year of probation and ordered to have no contact with Brutsche. Brutsche, who renounces sovereign citizen ideology during court proceedings, pleads guilty in February to conspiracy to kidnap police officers and receives five years of probation.

In a separate case involving failure to register as a sex offender, he receives days in jail in addition to time served. Transportation Security Administration officer Gerardo Hernandez at a security checkpoint and injuring six others. Police say he was carrying a bag packed with a semiautomatic.

Ciancia is charged with the murder of a federal officer and committing violence at an international airport, with prosecutors saying they will seek the death penalty. Officials say Talbot was plotting to use C-4 explosives and weapons to rob banks and armored cars, kill police officers, and blow up government buildings and crowded mosques. In October , Talbot pleads guilty to federal charges of attempted interference with commerce by robbery and solicitation to commit a crime of violence.

He faces up 20 years on the first charge and another 10 on the second charge when he is sentenced. Three people are killed, including a year-old Eagle Scout and his grandfather, all of them Christians. Miller is charged with capital murder and three counts of attempted murder. Miller, a retired Army veteran and Green Beret, is the founder and former leader of both the Carolina Knights of the Ku Klux Klan and the White Patriot Party, which he ran as paramilitary organizations in the s. He was successfully sued by the SPLC for operating an illegal paramilitary organization and for using intimidation tactics against African Americans.

Miller went underground in after he violated the court settlement and was facing criminal contempt charges. He was later caught and served three years in federal prison on weapons charges in connection with plans to commit robberies and assassinate SPLC co-founder Morris Dees. As part of a plea deal, he testified against other Klan members in a sedition trial. In the video and manifesto, he lays out the reasons behind the killings: his frustration over not being able to find a girlfriend, his hatred of women, and his contempt for racial minorities and interracial couples.

We come again, yet again, to the question of what we can do to stifle if not end casual mass slaughter, since pleas to embrace and love all humanity fail. We again have to decide whether we will even debate the question in a way that leads to some action. Because we haven't ever gotten to the point of deciding whether we should do something. People say focus on mental health. Okay, the mental health community in this state and in the nation won't argue in one way with that. Mental health care has always been the afterthought in the health care debate, so by all means take on mental health.

There is one type of gun violence we likely could reduce if more attention were paid to mental health, and that is suicide. Mass shootings, well the research seems less definitive on how effective that would be. Attack video games?

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Not to be churlish, but the Japanese spend far more per capita on video games than we do and how many mass shootings have they had? Of course, if their rules on gun ownership were the same as ours … ah, yes, the vexed question. It is well established owning guns is a constitutional right. The U. Supreme Court held it was and held it was not connected to the militia provision in the 2nd Amendment, in its controversial D.

Heller decision of But what else did the court say in that decision? Let the late Justice Antonin Scalia, who wrote the majority decision, tell us:. From Blackstone through the 19th-century cases, commentators and courts routinely explained that the right was not a right to keep and carry any weapon whatsoever in any manner whatsoever and for whatever purpose. For example, the majority of the 19th-century courts to consider the. Scalia said. Miller said, as we have explained, that the sorts of weapons protected were those 'in common use at the time. We think that limitation is fairly supported by the historical tradition of prohibiting the carrying of 'dangerous and unusual weapons.

But as we have said, the conception of the militia at the time of the Second Amendment's ratification was the body of all citizens capable of military service, who would bring the sorts of lawful weapons that they possessed at home to militia duty," Mr. It is completely up to the Legislature whether it will or not deal with those bills. It seems Mr. Scalia, though, has laid out the legal standards permitting action on the bills should the Legislature choose to do so. One other thing about the gun show that has stuck with this reporter: it was strictly forbidden to carry a loaded weapon into the show.

You had to surrender any weapon you had to several nice older ladies who ensured they were unloaded before entering. I've always wondered what the gun show organizer understood that we somehow do not understand.

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Posted: July 24, PM. It is hardly a headline that the old leave us. It is the nature of life after all. When they do go, we remember what they accomplished and the wise among us regret what we may have yet learned from them. In recent weeks, several former senior legislators have died, and their loss has raised the question of what in fact we have lost.

Further, it goes to a question of how, especially under term limits, lawmakers and policymakers in the state find a way to recover and make good use of the value those former lawmakers and officials could provide. Among the complaints term limits opponents have made is that our system, in place since , hurts the ability of lawmakers to develop experience and build relationships. But since the deaths recently of former Sens. Billy Sunday Huffman and Gary Corbin and though he was not an elected official, I would add Bob Berg because of his positions with both former Governor William Milliken and Detroit Mayor Coleman Young , a number of people have complained that term limits has limited something else.

That is mentorship, the ability of former leaders, legislators, officials to provide newer and generally younger legislators and officials with insight, advice and counsel based on their experience, their victories and defeats. Talk to former legislators, and those who served from the s to the s will tell you how Democrats and Republicans together would meet casually and almost always have the senior legislators talk about how issues were handled in previous sessions, how they assessed and dealt with problems, what they wished they had done differently, and how solutions had worked or hadn't.

Every person who talks of those times says how incredibly valuable those sessions were, how those sessions helped them understand the background of issues, who had the best knowledge on the issues, specific legal and administrative booby traps to watch for, constituencies that needed to be consulted, how to work with the other side, and how, generally, to do the best job they could for their constituents. The lifetime limits on legislative and state office service plays a major role in limiting the ability for mentorships.

Pat Anderson, a principal author and supporter of term limits, has said now that the full effect of term limits has been realized — in other words, that no lawmakers in office prior to term limits taking effect are still in office — a reasonable change could be to alter the lifetime limits, so long as that amendment does not block the ability of newer people to serve.

Short of that, lawmakers and officials could take steps on their own to encourage current officials to meet with former officials to draw on their experience and knowledge. House Speaker Lee Chatfield R-Levering did this in a way when he invited the former speakers to come together before he took the post. Doing so more often, in — as much as this reporter hates to suggest it — off the record lunches or events to discuss specific pending issues, could be encouraged. True, all the best advice in the world won't stop someone from making the worst mistakes in the world, but that lies on the person acting not the advisor.

Right now, the state seems stuck on a few issues. Would it hurt to have folks who have figured how to get unstuck to make suggestions? Posted: July 18, PM. If you had not heard about U. Rashida Tlaib D-Detroit before this week, and you have been at least half-awake, you have certainly heard of her now. Along with her fellow Democratic freshman U. Tlaib is part of the "Squad" the four women formed, trying to push Democrats further left. Before this past Sunday, they were still known primarily to the political cognoscenti who wondered at their tangles with U.

Then Sunday, President Donald Trump entered the fray through Twitter, saying they if the Squad members hate America they should go back to where they came from which in Ms. Tlaib's case is literally Detroit. And it's been nonstop since then. Many commentators say Mr. Trump's attack is an attempt to define the Democratic Party and his eventual opponent through these four with his — well, sorry, but this is what they are — racist attacks. Tlaib has always been unafraid to speak her mind and share her views.

She was removed with other protestors from a Detroit Economic Club luncheon with Mr. She made it plain in her campaign for Congress that one of her goals was to see Mr. Trump impeached. She has been active on social media, has been for years, speaking up for Palestinians, showing off her family, and making statements. She posted a Facebook video after Mr. Trump's tweets saying no bully would silence her, and she urged everyone in her 13th District to join together to fight for working families.

These are all, in their own way to be expected. But the image of Ms. Tlaib this reporter best recalls comes from Matt Lori. Both played a big role in developing the state's Healthy Michigan Medicaid expansion, but given the animosity to the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act Obamacare and the Republican control of the Legislature, Mr. Lori's role was clearly bigger. It was after the subcommittee had taken significant action to fund the program. This reporter was standing behind Mr. Lori waiting for another reporter to finish asking questions. Before I could get in to speak to him, Ms.

Tlaib knelt beside Mr. Lori, whispering to him. What I could hear mostly was her thanking him for all he did for to move the bill. That instant has stuck with me. At one time, lawmakers showing emotion with each other, even members of the other party, was actually a regular happening. Or when then-Democratic Sen.

David Honigman when Mr. Honigman returned to the chamber after life-saving surgery. Yes, those were mostly during the pre-term limits era, when lawmakers worked together and socialized together and tried to find solutions together. It's not that term limits makes any of that impossible, just far harder than it should be. And when the toxicity of partisanship is added to the stew, it is less and less likely to see genuine emotional moments between lawmakers.

Well, less likely to see emotional moments that don't involve anger. But that moment of heartfelt gratitude Ms. Tlaib showed Mr. Lori was one time in what was even then a toxic partisan time lawmakers could and did work together, and express their appreciation for each other. Whatever happens with this latest controversy, for this reporter at least when he thinks of Ms. Tlaib, that is one moment he will remember. Posted: July 12, PM. Like any politician, U. Debbie Dingell is active on social media, especially on Facebook.

And it is through her Facebook page she has informed her constituents, friends and folks just browsing on her congressional activities, on reaching the new normal in her life without her husband, congressional legend former U. John Dingell, and her worries. And those worries often focus on divisiveness. Not the general concept of divisiveness that is discussed and written about and speculated on in a general philosophical sense.

But political divisiveness as it affects friendships and families. In many ways, Ms. Dingell D-Dearborn uses her Facebook page as anyone else might. She makes ample use of Peanuts and Winnie the Pooh cartoons to wish people happy days. Of course, her page is festooned with photographs. There is the occasional video, for example of Ms. Dingell doing a little shimmy while singing "Yankee Doodle Dandy" on July 4. She also uses the page to help in her journey through grief.

This also is not new. Ken Horn R-Frankenmuth will still write moving letters on Facebook to his young granddaughter who died. This week, Ms. Dingell posted a photograph of Mr. Dingell's grave at Arlington National Cemetery and how at first, this past Monday, which would have been Mr. Dingell's 93rd birthday, the cemetery was for a time closed due to flooding. But she felt she had to be there, and later that day the cemetery was opened and she was able to spend time with him.

And on that page she also expresses the pain of watching friendships possibly being shattered because of political animosity that exists not just in government but among friends and families. In June, Ms. Dingell wrote of a breakfast group she had been part of for some 20 years, a group that has been an anchor for her. The members could disagree, sometimes strongly, on issues, but always, she said, respectfully.

Things have changed, she said. A third person, someone I know as a veteran, came over to tell me in no uncertain terms, using very harsh names and words what he thinks of Democrats, its leaders and how we keep America from being great. By now everyone present had become involved and aware and I know many felt very uncomfortable. I sure did. Dingell said she was all day. Once the breakfast group was to talk about sports, families, books, neighbors and, yes, politics, but now, "I told my friends this was why it had become difficult to meet them It is not the only post where she has expressed those worries.

Worries so many people have raised about splits in their own families or in their neighborhoods. Dingell was a red-blooded Democrat, but had many Republican friends and praised them. Dingell started life as a Republican, had worked for former U. Robert Griffin, a Republican from Michigan, and then switched parties. The vicious divide between the two parties existing now is something one hopes politicians will grow out of eventually. But the split happening in families and among friends: Could that prove to be the more serious split in the end, one that is harder to heal, one that causes greater lasting damage to us all?

Should we, like Ms. Dingell, worry more about that split? Posted: June 27, PM. No, no, no, this reporter is not running for the U. The only thing this reporter will run for is president of the Alfred Hitchcock Film Society, and even then, he'd lose over the vexed "Jamaica Inn" question. Senate seat in the JayHawker state. Cousin Dave arrived in Kansas because he is one of three of Paul and Harriet's boys to play pro-football the Lindstrom family's prowess in football is legendary. People still marvel at this reporter's renown for bench-sitting as a third-string defensive tackle along with his brothers Chris and Eric.

Chris's son, Chris Jr. Dave had the longest career of the three brothers, playing for the Kansas City Chiefs and living in the Kansas suburbs of the Missouri city. Possibly Dave's first major claim to post-football fame was as the focus of a lead story in the Wall Street Journal more than 20 years ago, which looked at his efforts as a Burger King franchise owner to hire folks on welfare and help them move into the working life. Not quite as famous was the reaction of my neighbors when I shouted to them early that morning, standing on the front porch in my bathrobe while holding the paper, "Hey, this story is about my cousin!

Dave was the Republican candidate for lieutenant governor in Kansas in , and the GOP ticket that year, um, lost. He was then a top county official and has been a major local philanthropist. He's running because current U. Pat Roberts R-Kansas is not. He's stepping down after four-terms in the chamber.

And Dave is getting in early for what a number of Kansas political observers think could be a crowded and fraught GOP field for the nomination. Only one other candidate has so far announced. House member, has said he will not run for the seat. Dave is pushing all the right conservative Republican buttons, which one might expect in Kansas. In a newspaper interview before he announced Dave said he worried about a growing embrace of "socialism," and that, "I think our country's under attack.

Now if Dave hired this reporter's brother Peter, a top opposition-research specialist out of Washington, D. Posted: June 21, PM. We are entering an unusual period in Michigan governance. The economy is still pretty good. The state is relatively flush fiscal-wise. July 4 is soon upon us with parades and hot dogs and fireworks and cakes with flags and did we say parades already?

And we do not have a budget. Nor, unless all state leaders have the same divine dream at the same time and come to accord over coffee some morning next week, will we have a budget by July 4. Which means: There's a budget fight a-comin'. Which is directly tied into the road fight that's here already but hasn't yet put on the gloves. So, what does the tale of the tape tell us? Who has the stronger hand in this robust discussion we expect soon?

It's no surprise really, it's Governor Gretchen Whitmer. But, let's be honest, and not to take away from Ms. Whitmer's position, the governor — any governor — has an advantage over the Legislature in settling a budget. There is the veto thing, after all. And the governor always has a bargaining advantage over lawmakers. Need a library, a rest stop, help with a development issue, let's see representative or senator, where were you exactly on that road tax vote?

Fixing the roads does exactly give Ms. Whitmer a bigger advantage. It was the issue she ran on, it was the primary issue that got her elected. She's come up with a proposal and been pushing it hard with the general electorate. Of course, her proposed cent hike in fuel taxes isn't popular. But getting Afghanistan's, sorry Michigan's, roads fixed is very popular. And creating a situation where the roads stay nice and fixed, like they are in most states, is also very popular.

And Ms. Whitmer has kept pushing the idea of don't like my plan, come up with something else. That shows flexibility in finding a solution. She was helped in that this week when House Democrats did come up with a plan that boosted revenue for roads, though not through a fuel tax hike.

The House Dems taking that step silences one complaint majority Republicans have made: that Ms. Whitmer's defenders have not produced a plan. Now the focus goes squarely on the Republicans to produce an actual proposal that answers Ms. House Republicans have done the most, thus far, on the roads question, but their somewhat non-specified strategy of cutting the budget, possibly selling assets and trying to redirect funding runs into a ton of overall management problems they as yet have not resolved.

You can only sell an asset once, after all, and fixing the roads is an ongoing problem. Pulling money from schools for roads, that's a tough sell, as will be finding the money to replace the school money pulled for the roads. Not that Ms. Whitmer will have an easy time. She'll take some body blows in getting a resolution. There will be, there will have to be, compromises. All sides will have to come out with what they can call a win in the fights. It could get tense. Right now, one suspects it won't come down to p.

But we could be into football season before it's finished. Posted: June 14, PM. The state dropped its cases against the Flint water crisis defendants on Thursday. Well, the state probably saved itself some embarrassment in doing so. Because this reporter was willing to bet cash money former Health and Human Services Director Nick Lyon was not going to prison. Nor was the state's former chief medical executive, Dr. Eden Wells, going to prison. In fact, probably none of the charged individuals were going to prison.

By dropping the cases, the state is free to file new charges, add new defendants. It is also free to not file charges. No one should prejudge what the state will do. But the state has to come up with something seriously damning if it honestly hopes to send someone to jail. This reporter remains willing to bet cash money that almost no one will end up behind bars because of the injury done Flint and its residents. The task of proving a mens rea — a criminal intent — of state officials involving Flint is going to be probably impossible.

Seriously, does one honestly think state officials maliciously intended to harm the residents of one of the state's largest cities? Even if one does think that, prove it, and do so beyond a reasonable doubt. This reporter has sat on five juries, this reporter in three of them stood and pronounced the defendant guilty. This reporter also covered Mr.

Lyon's preliminary examination and toted in his mind the large numbers of allegations defense counsel could rip up. This reporter knows what reasonable doubt is and that seemed all the state's case stood on. Can't prove criminal intent, okay, can you prove criminal negligence? But still that will be very hard to prove. And in some cases, if not most, next to impossible to prove.

And if the state can make a case, either involving criminal intent or criminal negligence, will it be able to prove its case to a jury located outside Genesee County? Because change of venue motions are going to fly thicker than a crowd of mosquitoes on a summer's night should the state get cases to trial. Legally, of course, there are still civil cases. A type of justice can be earned that way, but will that account for everyone in the city? Perhaps justice will have to handled in a financial manner. Assuring that every resident has health insurance forever.

Special funding for the schools to provide the additional aides needed to help small kids. Special funding for college or technical training. Assisting homeowners with mortgages. Paying for the entirety of infrastructure improvements for decades to come. Greater incentives for economic development in the city. Flint was harmed. That is a fact. Flint deserves justice. That too is a fact. If it is unlikely to see people imprisoned, what then is the manner the state should grant justice to this still wounded city?

Whatever that manner is, the state better start working on it. Posted: May 16, PM. In case anyone was vacationing on the dark side of Neptune the last few days, the news was breaking Wednesday that Rep. Larry Inman R-Williamsburg was indicted on extortion and bribery charges. House leaders have called on him to resign. He says he is innocent and will not resign. The issue at hand is not whether Mr. Inman should leave office. The issue is what should happen should he or any other legislator leave office, either by resignation, expulsion or death.

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What should happen is the people of the affected district don't wait freaking forever to have representation back in the House or Senate. Over the last 20 something years we've seen this pattern played out too often. One of the most recent examples was with Lansing Mayor Andy Schor.

A former member of the House, he resigned his seat as he was taking the mayor's office, and then Governor Rick Snyder scheduled an election for his successor in November , as part of the general election. It was nearly a full year before Rep. Sarah Anthony D-Lansing raised her right hand to take the oath and most of the residents of Michigan's capital city had someone again acting on their behalf in the House.

This goes beyond simply voting on issues, it includes advocating for the lawmaker's community, or communities, on legislature or grants and helping open the doors to bureaucrats to assist local residents. This scenario has happened a number of times in recent decades. A lawmaker departs, for whatever reason, and if that lawmaker's district tends towards the party opposite the governor's party, the governor schedules the election for more than a year after the initial lawmaker left.

This is just not right. And generally doesn't happen elsewhere. In Ohio, our neighbors south of us, when a lawmaker leaves the Legislature which seems to happen more frequently in Ohio than it does here the party caucus of the departing lawmaker chooses the successor. Those decisions are made no more than weeks after the departure. Having a caucus pick a successor likely wouldn't fit with our tradition of elections. Yet, we could still arrange, by statute, to ensure that a new legislator is named in a respectable time frame.

The time from legislative resignation to newly sworn-in legislator should take no more than 90 days. The governor calls the election dates, a primary 45 days away, with a general 45 days after that. This would likely require adjusting some of the current election timetables, but that should be the framework. Obviously, exceptions would need to be made. If something happens within 90 days of the end of the year in an election year, and the lawmaker was term-limited, the person elected to succeed the lawmaker is named to serve for the remainder of the term, for example.

When former Rep. Peter Pettalia died in September , his seat went without representation for the rest of the year, including the always busy lame-duck session. Why shouldn't the state make it so that Rep. Sue Allor R-Wolverine could have taken office immediately upon certification in that situation? And to the complaint local governments would make on an election's cost, require the state pay for the election so long as it is only a legislative replacement election. The state could create a fund for legislative special elections, and just keep it rolling if there are none in one fiscal year though Michigan has had special elections in every off-year since at least If local issues get tacked on to a special legislative election, then the local governments have to pay for their share of the fun.

Perhaps in the case of Mr. Inman we needn't worry. But there will be a legislative vacancy sometime, and it's just not right to deny folks their rightful representation for more than just a few months. Posted: May 9, PM. Bob Berg died Wednesday, succumbing in a long battle against multiple myeloma. If you never got a chance to know him, well you missed someone who knew how to work with Republicans and Democrats, show commitment, honesty and thorough integrity through his posts as spokesperson for former Governor William Milliken and former Detroit Mayor Coleman Young.

But one does not know someone for more than 40 years, as did this reporter, without picking up a few stories. Bob, for example, loved Porsches. Was rapturous about Porsches. He was delighted to regale you for … for… oh, hours, about how he cared for his Porsche, how he only had it serviced at one specific shop in Cleveland and a tuneup there in the s cost about two months of this reporter's wages , and then his long routine about preparing the car for the winter — because it could never be allowed out in the winter, God knows, not all with all the salt on the roads — with super-inflating the tires, draining the oil and putting in weight oil and on and on.

One wretched January day during the blizzard, a radio reporter named Lee Foley punked Bob by running into Bob's office, next to Mr. Bob then spent much of day prowling the Capitol looking for Lee. And Bob along with George Weeks, then Mr. Milliken's chief of staff and who we sadly lost last year, was also part of one of the best reporting stories this reporter can tell. And it involves Cindy Kyle, now communications director for the Institute for Public Policy and Social Research at Michigan State University, but from the late s to early s a top reporter at Lansing's Associated Press Bureau and this reporter's darling wife.

That included the governor's office, and it was accepted that reporters could hang outside the door of Mr. Milliken's personal office and try to grab him or whoever was in the office with him for a quick interview. You must also recall in the late s personal computers were limited to Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak's garage and most computers were the size of the Capitol. Which meant business was done by typing on typewriters, specifically IBM Selectrics. While all reporters knew how to type, many men did not. Typing in those Neanderthal times was still largely a woman's occupation. It was late one evening during one of the many recessions Michigan suffered through in those years, and Mr.

Close to 20 reporters, including this one and Cindy, were right outside Mr. Milliken's office door, waiting for some signal they had all reached an agreement. Finally, the door opened a crack, Bob leaned out and said an agreement was reached. All the leaders had to brief their caucuses and then details of the agreement would be released, he said. That was all we needed, the reporters flew from the doorway to get bulletins out — which in the late '70s meant little more than sending smoke signals.

Bob looked into the office, said, "They're gone," and BAM! Crim, Mr. Bryant, Mr. VanderLaan and Mr. Miller rushed out and headed straight to one of the Selectrics stationed at the receptionist's desk, each holding a pile of notes from the meeting. But all they could do is take the cover off the Selectric.

One of them, Cindy doesn't recall who, sat at the typewriter and seemed to expect it would work by force of his will. Cindy calmly walked to the Selectric, turned it on, rolled in a sheet of paper…. And typed while she asked questions. And what about school aid, okay, yes. And there will be cuts where else? And, I'm sorry, what taxes were going to changed?

Bob and George both stood there watching this, slack-jawed and continuously muttering some word that started, "mutha" something or other. When she finished typing, Bob took the sheet and walked over to the copier. Our state's leaders, somehow still not realizing who Cindy was, were thanking her for her help. Bob brought over copies of the agreement to the leaders who then rushed off to their caucuses before another midnight session started.

When they left, Bob handed Cindy back the original typed sheet. Posted: May 3, PM. There's a joke going around social media aimed at people of a certain age that if they want to make sure their children and grandchildren will never find out their secrets, they should write them down by hand and leave them in plain sight. The joke being that theoretically people below a certain age cannot read cursive writing so the secrets will be safe forever.

Brenda Carter D-Pontiac has something to say about that. She has introduced legislation requiring the Department of Education to develop a curriculum on teaching children cursive writing and make that available to the state's school districts. Many school districts, maybe most, have done away with teaching pupils to write in cursive. Should her HB become law, it would add Michigan to the now more than a dozen states — Ohio was the latest — to have established at least a proposed curricula for teaching kids how to loop and connect letters, and at a minimum how to correctly hold a pen or pencil for the most efficient and less tiring manner of writing.

This goes beyond calligraphy and Spencerian script, reading old love letters between the grandparents and Mom's teenage diary, and the apparently growing — as well as expensive — hobby of collecting fountain pens and writing with exotic inks. Handwriting was high tech for most of human history.

Through letters, journals and official documents it kept alive all human activity. Development of items we take for granted, such as pencils and pens and inks — the development of iron ball ink was a major invention -- were in fact significant technologic developments, assuring transmission of information as well as recording the events that, at least theoretically, give us insight into current matters. And, research shows handwriting plays a major in role in brain development, one that typing and God knows voice recording does not. That goes beyond just small children.

Studies have shown college students who took notes in longhand remembered material better than did students who typed notes on a computer screen. There are advocates who argue because typing has now totally dominated the world, kids should forget about learning handwriting, period. In which case, those who can write cursive probably could use it as a secret code and, dare one say it, take over the world. Okay, maybe that wouldn't happen. This reporter, though, wonders if there are other benefits to handwriting such as forcing one to stare at something other than a screen. Doing that might help people notice other things, notice the real things of life not attached to a computer, like trees and flowers and a best friend's expression and the car that will run you over because your face is stuck looking at a phone while crossing the street.

Plus, learning handwriting means you can develop a truly distinguished signature, much like the Governor Gretchen Whitmer 's very fine signature. One can tell she paid attention in handwriting class. Posted: April 25, PM. Things happen that cause one to wonder. Anyone working in politics and government who then tries to explain what happens in politics and government to hapless civilians understand that concept since they are inevitably riddled with questions about "why do they do that," "what do you mean," "are you kidding," and "isn't that kinda stupid?

However, something happened during a Senate committee meeting this week that left this reporter wondering, "Why? It took place during the Senate Oversight Committee meeting. The panel was listening to and questioning Attorney General Dana Nessel on her newly formed hate crimes unit.

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Hate crimes and dealing with hate crimes is kind of a vexed issue, since it is both a logical concept most people probably would say if an innocent person were, for example, beat up because they are black or Jewish or gay or for whatever reason the perpetrator should face extra punishment but also one that raises cautions former Sen.

Dan Cooper in the s said everyone is allowed to be a bigot in their own home, and that is true: while ideally one should not be a bigot a person can be so long as the person does not act out that bigotry harming someone else. Plus, the question has become fraught in today's hyper-partisan atmosphere. When Michigan's hate crime law, the Ethnic Intimidation Act, passed now a generation ago there wasn't much controversy. Enhanced penalties for crimes committed against specific individuals — for example, child sex abuse — is and was not a new idea and the state was still dealing with the murder of Vincent Chin killed by two autoworkers during a recession because they thought he was Japanese so lawmakers recognized the law was appropriate.

However, today in many ways we no longer see people as having different opinions than ours, they are our blood enemies to be opposed and defeated at every moment. So it was clear the Republican majority on the committee wasn't immediately taking Ms. Nessel's arguments about the hate crimes unit at face value. Thus it is these days. It was also clear in the audience there were people both supporting and opposing the hate crimes unit.

Several opponents were seated in the row before this reporter, nodding and saying, "that's right" when some tough questions were thrown at Ms. It is critical to this story to know the day of the hearing was the state's Holocaust Remembrance Day. Nessel referenced that and how her family in Europe had suffered during the Holocaust. And when she finished testifying, Sen. Lichtman, now in his early 80s, survived the Holocaust in France, hiding with his mother as so many were forced to do. His father was killed, many other members of his family were killed in concentration camps in Poland.

That day's discussion was very important, Mr. Lichtman said, because "hate speech leads to, can lead to hate crimes. The Nuremberg Trials were about hate crimes, Mr. Lichtman said. They didn't commit any crimes, they were murdered because they were Jews, gypsies, Bolsheviks. He acknowledged, "I don't care if someone hates me as a Jew, if they think that," but "hate speech makes me very worried. When Mr. Lichtman finished, committee chair Sen. And virtually everyone in the committee room did so. Virtually all of them applauded. The men sitting in front of this reporter pointedly did not applaud.

They pointedly sat with their hands in their laps. Having to ask questions of Mr. McBroom, this reporter was not able to ask the men why they did not recognize Mr.

At 81 or 82 he is one of the youngest survivors now of the Holocaust. This reporter has known other survivors, now gone. He has friends born in displaced persons camps after their parents were liberated from the death and concentration camps. Those who have lived our history, be it the civil rights movement, World War II, Korea, Vietnam, the women and gay movements, or the Holocaust are all aging.

One day the veterans of the election will be old. Why would you not want to hear their stories? Why would you not want to acknowledge them? Posted: April 18, PM. In what can surprise absolutely no one, a poll released this week showed 75 percent of those questioned disapproved of Governor Gretchen Whitmer 's proposal to raise Michigan's fuel taxes by 45 cents to pay for a massive road improvement program. Is the fact 75 percent oppose a tax increase enough of a reason not to raise taxes, whether the gas tax, the registration tax, the sales tax, beer tax, liquor tax, the oil and gas severance tax, the tobacco tax or pick a tax, to pay for what everyone agrees is desperately needed funding to fix Michigan's roads?

Nobody likes spending money, even for things critically needed. Everyone likes to shop, everyone likes to acquire the shiny new thingawhackawoo, but nobody likes to spend. It's one reason why shopping with credit cards is so attractive: Look, I bought the fully-loaded Willywillyyowwow and no cash, no filthy lucre, no coin of the realm, no legal tender actually vacated my wallet, thanks to my Giantdebtcard!

The power of free is astonishing. Add the adjective to anything and it instantly makes the item more desirable than anything else that could be imagined. An economist once ran an experiment one Halloween where he gave kids the option of a tiny snack-sized candy bar, say a Snickers, for free or spend one penny and get a Babe Ruth Louisville Slugger-sized Snickers.

Yeah, virtually none of the kids coughed up a penny. Along with not wanting to spend, there also remains an illusion that sufficient money is already hidden away in the state. In looking at Michigan's sorry roads, a student wrote recently in Hillsdale's student paper the state should take money from someplace else to finance improvements. The student didn't deny the roads needed fixing, just take the loot from someplace else. Where the student wanted the state to take the money from — university budgets, prisons, free lunches for poor kids, the State Police — was not mentioned.

Of course, when people say take the money from someplace else, they never suggest where that somewhere else should be. Still fixing roads must be paid for. It is uncontested there is not enough money now to pay for a sufficient road repair plan. Nor is it uncontested the public wants the roads fixed. This raises a basic question in essential governing: There is a clear need for a service, there is an equally clear public desire for the service, and there is an equally clear opposition to paying for the needed, wanted service, what then do policymakers do?

Perhaps the question needs to be rephrased: How does the public wish to suffer? Would it rather not spend money on roads, but travel on roads that rival Afghanistan quality? Or spend money and then zip down well-maintained roads to yell at their public officials about high taxes? Posted: April 3, PM. Politics is a touchy-feely business. Well, it has been a touchy-feely business, with glad-handing, back slapping, the occasional headlock to argue out positions. Now comes former Governor Jennifer Granholm to suggest the touchy-feelyness may need to be limited.

Her comment, via Twitter, stems from the question of whether former Vice President Joe Biden behaved inappropriately in his dealings with a Nevada legislator, Lucy Flores. Flores' complaint was that Mr. Biden touched and kissed her hair during a campaign. This is not a small matter, since Mr. Biden appeared to have been on the verge of declaring he would run for president before this issue arose and there are some observers who feel he might be the strongest Democrat to challenge President Donald Trump, especially in the Midwest states like Michigan, Wisconsin and Ohio that Mr.

Trump won. The issue has also generated a growing debate, much of it, to gauge by social media, between women over what is and is not appropriate and whether this is keeping with or taking to an extreme the still evolving message of the MeToo movement. Granholm commented on Twitter, "Having hugged dear JoeBiden a number of times, I am percent certain that his intentions are to show empathy, warmth and support. She added: "AND in this era we all me too, as a hugger might reevaluate initiating contact beyond a handshake since so many feel it's an invasion of personal space.

Granholm is a renowned hugger. In her run for governor in , she reached the point where she hugged instead of shook hands at some locales. At a Michigan Journalism Hall of Fame banquet during her administration, inductee and legendary Detroit sports reporter Joe Falls not only got a hug, he asked for a kiss and she gave him one. Granholm's tweet generated considerable comments. Many encouraged her to continue hugging, many supported Mr.

Biden, many said they had stopped hugging — at least one suggested it was out of fear of possible repercussions against him — and a number said a discussion on appropriateness was needed. However, one person complained that the Democratic Party may come across as a party of scolds. Another worried that what might come of the MeToo movement will be fear and not respect.

Will we see a more straitened political behavior going forward, at least in regard to human contact? Oh, probably. Will it improve the tone of politics? Well, ummm, let's just wait and see, shall we? Posted: March 28, PM. Measles is back upon us and the state has now had more cases than it has had nearly a generation.

A disease once nearly eradicated in this state and nation is back upon us. Could something, anything, good come from this? This reporter has written about vaccinations, been frank about how the question of vaccinations has pushed his sense of objectivity to the limit. This reporter has written of Michigan's critical role in vaccinations, especially the polio vaccine.

I have written how following a live national press conference in the s that announced how the new polio vaccine worked and was safe church bells rang and special services were held in thanksgiving that such a devastating disease was brought to heel. Now people claim religious objections to vaccines, then church bells rang in celebration a vaccine had been found. This reporter has also written how when the news of the polio vaccine was announced, his mother wept because her kids would now be safe from polio when kids she knew growing up outside Cleveland were struck down.

At least 22 cases of measles have been confirmed in Michigan in the last several weeks. There could be more cases that have not yet been confirmed. So far as we know all these cases result from exposure to one infected person. One person, visiting the state, visiting south Oakland County who went to dozens of places during that visit and potentially exposed who knows how many people. Measles is a miserable disease. I know. I had it before a vaccine was available. The complications it can wreak on a small body are serious, deadly serious. Children die from measles. Michigan has a lousy vaccination rate.

Yes, thankfully, most parents do vaccinate their children. Yes, there are some people, a relatively small number, who have medical sensitivities or allergies to vaccines. Which makes it all the more critical that parents get their kids vaccinated to protect both them and those few who legitimately cannot be vaccinated.

The state has a major campaign to encourage vaccination, spurred on by a mother whose own unvaccinated child died of pertussis, a vaccine-preventable disease. The state now requires parents who would object to vaccines get information on vaccines before making their final refusal to enroll in school. These have helped improve the state's vaccination rate from dismal to lousy.

How sad it is to have write that. How sad it is that a person cannot be persuaded by science and logic and a sense that if nothing else their child has a right to be free from a deadly disease if that is possible. How sad that one has to be scared to act, and how gallingly grateful must we be that they were scared to act.

Right now in Michigan the warnings have come true. Doctors and health officials and scientists and parents all warned what could happen if too few people were vaccinated and a disease entered into that situation. We have more cases of measles now than we have had in 25 years.

In we had more cases of measles than we had had since What kind of a record to we want to reach in and beyond? How about this record: no cases of measles, or pertussis, or mumps or chickenpox, or any of the other vaccine-preventable diseases? If that happened, then something good did come from something very bad. Be the right kind of statistic, get your kids vaccinated. Posted: March 21, PM.

The easiest line in Shakespeare to remember is not "to be or not to be" but "words, words, words," the reply Hamlet makes to Polonius when asked what the Danish prince is reading. So much of the argument over former Governor, and former Interim Michigan State University President, John Engler's interview or non-interview with lawyers for Attorney General Dana Nessel is over words, words and words.

Ignore for the moment the larger issues at play in the attorney general's investigation into how MSU handled the sex abuse scandal of Larry Nassar. This skirmish is between lawyers. And a lawyer's weapons are words, how and under what circumstances those words are employed, deployed and in some measure destroyed. The headlines and commentary over the flap are focused on accusations Mr.

Engler wants to lie or that the AG's lawyers have behaved unprofessionally. But the real fight lies in the words traded before the roundhouse rights. They are all polite, sometimes friendly, but also all calculated to land punches and duck others. Nessel wants her investigators to interview Mr. Engler, though he has a home in Michigan, spends much of his time in Washington where he worked heading several associations after leaving office in The email trail between Ms.

Nessel's project manager for the investigation, Christina Grossi and Mr. Engler's lawyer, Seth Waxman, is a fascinating — for those who are fascinated by such things — lesson in how lawyers write and phrase their writings. Take the heading on the letter emailed by Mr. Waxman to Ms. Grossi — the one where he said Mr.

Engler would not participate in an interview unless Ms. Grossi was recused from the entire investigation because he accused her of inappropriate behavior — saying, "Re: Michigan State University Investigation — John Engler Voluntary Interview. Not required, not subpoenaed, voluntary. It is a significant word because it sets the tone, as far as Mr. Waxman is concerned, as to interviewing Mr.

Engler at all. As has been pointed out, primarily by Mr. Engler's supporters, Mr. Engler was hired as the MSU interim president after Nassar was sentenced. He was not at MSU when Nassar committed his abuse. Unless, therefore, he is compelled to be interviewed, his lawyer is making the point Mr. Engler doesn't have to show up. Reviewing how the pieces have moved on this board, Ms. Grossi agreed. While she persistently raised concerns about holding the interview outside Michigan, at one point she wrote, "I recognize that he is sitting for this interview voluntarily.

Then, in a furious email written at a. Grossi wrote that if Mr. Engler "is not going to voluntarily participate…we will explore all legal resources available to secure his interview in Michigan involuntarily. Which Mr.