The most celebrated is the scene where Egil discovers and destroys a poisoned drink prepared for him, by cutting his hand and cutting runes on the drinking horn, and painting the runes with blood. While the motif of blood painted runes also appears in other examples of early Norse literature it is uncertain whether the practice of painting runes with blood is merely a literary invention or whether it had precedence in magical practice. In the 17th Century, Hermeticist and Rosicrucian Johannes Bureus , having been inspired by visions, developed a Runic system based on the Kaballah and the Futhark which he called the Adulruna.
Camp and others also build on List's system. Several modern systems of runic magic and runic divination were published from the s onward.
The first book on runic divination, written by Ralph Blum in , led to the development of sets of runes designed for use in several such systems of fortune telling , in which the runes are typically incised in clay, stone tiles, crystals, resin, glass, or polished stones, then either selected one-by-one from a closed bag or thrown down at random for reading. Later authors such as Diana L. Paxson and Freya Aswynn follow Blum in drawing a direct correlation between runic divination and tarot divination.
They may discuss runes in the context of "spreads" and advocate the usage of "rune cards". Modern authors like Ralph Blum sometimes include a "blank rune" in their sets. Some were to replace a lost rune, but according to Ralph Blum this was the god Odin 's rune, the rune of the beginning and the end, representing "the divine in all human transactions".
Saga Brief 8 - Interview with Dr. Ragnhild Ljosland on the History of Runes
In , a modern usage of the runes for answering life's questions was apparently originated by Ralph Blum in his divination book The Book of Runes: A Handbook for the Use of an Ancient Oracle , which was marketed with a small bag of round tiles with runes stamped on them. This book has remained in print since its first publication. The sources for Blum's divinatory interpretations, as he explained in The Book of Runes itself, drew heavily on then-current books describing the ancient I Ching divination system of China. Each of Blum's seven books on runic divination deals with a specialized area of life or a varied technique for reading runes:.
In the wake of a dissertation on "Runes and Magic", Stephen Flowers published a series of books under the pen-name "Edred Thorsson" which detailed his own original method of runic divination and magic, "odianism",  which he said was loosely based on historical sources and modern European hermeticism. These books were:. Besides runic divination, Flowers also advocated the "runic gymnastics" Runengymnastik developed in the s by Friedrich Marby , under the name of "Rune-Yoga" also "Runic Yoga", "Stadhagaldr".
In , Stephan Grundy , a. Kveldulf Gundarsson, described runic magic as the active principle as opposed to passive interpretations based on runic divination. Runic magic, he states, uses the runes to affect the world outside based on the archetypes they represent. Most of Gundarsson's runic magic entails being in possession of a physical entity that is engraved with any or all of the individual runes or "staves", so as to practically work with their energies.
The individual runes are reddened with either blood, dyes, or paints. The act of possessing the stave in its final form serves the purpose of affecting the world of form with "the rune might" of that particular stave.
Runic Amulets and Magic Objects: Rune-stones, death and curses
A reader of a scholarly treatise should be able to follow up on interesting references, e. Etymologies are given without citation, e. For the last, incidentally, Kluge suggests only that the derivation from hoc est corpus , which is given by Mees and MacLeod as accepted, cannot be excluded as possible. The following points make reference primarily to the first part of the book but give a flavor of the kinds of problems found throughout.
On pp. Their claim that the inscription refers to Odin is tenuous.
Finally, Jordanes does not call Gapt the "chief god of his people. Project MUSE promotes the creation and dissemination of essential humanities and social science resources through collaboration with libraries, publishers, and scholars worldwide. Forged from a partnership between a university press and a library, Project MUSE is a trusted part of the academic and scholarly community it serves.
Reconstructing Pre-Christian Runic Magic - Huginn's Heathen Hof
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