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This may be because the snippet appears in a figure legend, contains special characters or spans different sections of the article. Prof Psychol Res Pr. Author manuscript; available in PMC Apr 1. PMID: Waugh , Christopher J. Hopwood , Robert F. Krueger , Leslie C. Morey , Aaron L.
Pincus , and Aidan G. Correspondence concerning this article may be addressed to: Mark H. Copyright notice. The publisher's final edited version of this article is available at Prof Psychol Res Pr. See other articles in PMC that cite the published article. Open in a separate window.
Figure 1. Whither the AMPD? Summary Using concepts and assessment techniques familiar to practitioners e. Supplementary Material supp Click here to view. Acknowledgments The first and second authors took lead in orchestrating the substantive contributions of all authors. Contributor Information Mark H. References Ambady N. The perils of pondering: Intuition and thin slice judgments. Psychological Inquiry.
American Psychiatric Association. Journal of Psychiatric Practice. How do DSM-5 personality traits align with schema therapy constructs? Journal of Personality Disorders. The Personality Belief Questionnaire. Journal of Personality Assessment. Opinions of personality disorder experts regarding the DSM-IV personality disorders classification system. Metaphorical analysis of psychiatric classification as a psychological test. Journal of Abnormal Psychology. An invisible college view of the DSM-5 personality disorder classification.
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Process-focused assessment of personality pathology. In: Huprich SK, editor. Clark LA. Schedule for Nonadaptive and Adaptive Personality. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press; Do DSM-5 personality disorder proposals meet criteria for clinical utility? Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease. Predicting problematic alcohol use with the DSM-5 alternative model of personality pathology in treatment seeking and non-seeking samples.
Personality Disorders: Theory, Research, and Treatment in press. Toward the future of psychiatric diagnosis: the seven pillars of RDoC. BMC Medicine. Neurobiology of the structure of personality: Dopamine, facilitation of incentive motivation, and extraversion. Behavioral and Brain Sciences. Whole trait theory. Journal of Research in Personality.
The Psychodiagnostic Chart The DSM-5 dimensional trait model and five-factor models of general personality. A review of systems for psychology and psychiatry: adaptive systems, personality psychopathology five PSY—5 , and the DSM—5. The interpersonal situation: Integrating personality assessment, clinical formulation, and intervention. In: Samuel D, Lynam D, editors.
Purdue symposium on psychological science. New York: Oxford; in press. Connecting DSM-5 personality traits and pathological beliefs: Toward a unifying model. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment. The interpersonal core of personality pathology. An historical framework for psychiatric nosology. Psychological Medicine. Overview and critique of the classification of personality disorders proposed for the DSM Swiss Archive for Neurology and Psychiatry. Kohut H. The two analyses of Mr.
International Journal of Psychoanalysis. Initial construction of a maladaptive personality trait model and inventory for DSM DSM-5 and the path toward empirically based and clinically useful conceptualization of personality and psychopathology. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice. International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research. The role of the DSM-5 personality trait model in moving toward a quantitative and empirically based approach to classifying personality and psychopathology.
Annual Review of Clinical Psychology. A research agenda for DSM A study of the factorial structure of personality pathology. Loevinger J. Objective tests as instruments of psychological theory. Psychological Reports. Testing whether the DSM-5 personality disorder trait model can be measured with a reduced set of items: An item response theory investigation of the Personality Inventory for DSM Epistemological pluralism and scientific development: An argument against authoritative nosologies.
Journal of personality disorders.
Factors and taxa, traits and types, differences of degree and differences in kind. Journal of Personality. Morey LC. Classification of mental disorder as a collection of hypothetical constructs. Stability and change in personality disorders. Validating the proposed diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders, severity indicator for personality disorder. Personality disorders in DSM Emerging research on the alternative model.
Current Psychiatry Reports. The hierarchical structure of clinician ratings of proposed DSM—5 pathological personality traits. Journal of Clinical Psychology: In Session. Clinical utility of the five-factor model of personality disorder. A contemporary integrative interpersonal theory of personality disorders. In: Lenzenweger M, Clarkin J, editors. Major theories of personality disorder. New York: Guilford; Pincus AL. Some comments on nosology, diagnostic process, and narcissistic personality disorder in the DSM-5 proposal for personality and personality disorders.
Personality Disorders: Theory, Research, and Treatment. Narcissistic grandiosity and narcissistic vulnerability in psychotherapy. A contemporary interpersonal model of personality pathology and personality disorder. In: Widiger TA, editor. Oxford Handbook of Personality Disorders. Pathological narcissism and narcissistic personality disorder.
Examining the DSM-5 alternative model of personality disorders Criterion A and Criterion B associations with severity, emotional and cognitive triggers, variability, and oscillating patterns of personality impairment in daily life Submitted. How transdiagnostic factors of personality and psychopathology can inform clinical assessment and intervention.
Beyond the diagnostic traits: A collaborative exploratory diagnostic process for dimensions and underpinnings of narcissistic personality disorder. Clinical Psychology Science and Practice. Comparing methods for scoring personality disorder types using maladaptive traits in DSM The role of identity in the DSM-5 classification of personality disorders. Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health. Personality disorders in DSM Thus, through the emphasis in the curriculum on the critical evaluation of theory, evidence and practice, and understanding systems, trainees will be equipped to enter a wide range of areas of work and to use their core transferable skills in combination with a life-long learning philosophy to adapt to professional contexts to which they may have had only limited direct exposure during training.
The curriculum is delivered in modules hereafter referred to as 'units' that incorporate the course's guiding principles and expected outcomes of training as outlined above. The central aims and key learning objectives of each unit are outlined below. Details of each unit's contents are contained within the unit booklets see course website. The programme incorporates an awareness of the need to tailor teaching to these differences where the teaching of generic models, skills, or treatments is not sufficient.
However, given the limitations of teaching time, there will inevitably be some areas which are not covered. It is hoped that through achieving the essential qualities specified in 'outputs of teaching' trainees will be able to gain the necessary knowledge and skills as necessary during their career.
The aim of the induction which lasts for 4 weeks is to ensure that all trainees have the knowledge and skills required to begin working in their clinical placements. The induction starts with an initial 3-day block which focuses on introducing new trainees to the course, each other and staff, and on orienting them to their new roles as trainees. The next 4 week's teaching draws from several units of the curriculum, and focuses on:. Professional issues - the structure of the NHS, the organisation of clinical psychology in the UK, awareness of professional and ethical codes and of local NHS governance structures and procedures, self-management and personal welfare.
Central themes - an introduction to some of the core concepts underpinning the curriculum, and in particular to developmental psychopathology. Assessment and formulation - intensive workshops focused on the process and content of interviewing, which include extensive opportunities for supervised and structured roleplay in order to facilitate skills development. Interventions - introductions to the major evidence based therapeutic approaches employed by clinical psychologists, and the start of the teaching on behavioural and cognitive therapies and psychodynamic therapies.
The aim of this unit is to provide some fundamental conceptual background to training as a clinical psychologist, which is relevant to all specialties, populations and stages of the lifespan. This unit provides introductory teaching on the major theoretical frameworks in current use by clinical psychologists working in the field and central conceptual issues related to the development and causation of psychological difficulties and distress. Each of these issues is covered relatively briefly highlighting critical epistemological assumptions, broad explanatory frameworks, the evidence base of key tenets of the major perspectives and the investigative and clinical methods that are associated with these points of view.
These critical lectures are designed to provide a framework for trainees' thinking about clinical psychology science and practice throughout the course. The aim of this module is to understand the role of clinical formulations in treatment planning and enable trainees to perform a wide range of psychological assessments. The module is concerned with ensuring that trainees can psychologically assess and formulate across a wide range of clinical settings and client groups. At the end of the module trainees will have knowledge pertaining to the assumptions, uses and limitations of different assessment methods and how these relate to the development and evaluation of clinical formulations.
They will also have ample opportunity to practice these skills. A key aim of this unit is to integrate teaching of theory and skills required to competently undertake psychological assessment and develop formulations. The interventions module is delivered according to the four leading models guiding clinical psychology practice in the NHS.
For each model the theoretical rationale is introduced, the basic skills and techniques described, and the evidence base for efficacy and effectiveness examined. Their application for different problems, populations and stages of the lifespan is considered.
David - Watson // Faculty // Department of Psychology // University of Notre Dame
The aim of this module is to develop a behavioural understanding of psychological problems so that behavioural methods and procedures can be applied skilfully to a wide range of clients. The module provides the knowledge and skills for developing behavioural conceptualizations to psychological distress found across the life span and across diverse areas of psychological services. The aim of this module is to familiarise trainees with the fundamental philosophy of cognitive therapy and enable them to draw on a cognitive model to understand individuals' distress and its aetiology.
From this base, the module teaches trainees the skills to develop and deliver evidence based cognitive behavioural interventions. The unit also outlines major psychological disorders and difficulties, where the current evidence suggests that these are best understood from a cognitive behavioural perspective such as anxiety, obsessive compulsive disorder and post traumatic stress disorder.
The module makes ample use of role plays, videos and discussion of clinical material to achieve its aims.
This unit aims to provide an introduction to psychoanalytic ways of thinking about emotional problems and work with individuals presenting with mental health problems. It is not aimed at teaching psychotherapy, but rather at introducing the core concepts that underlie psychoanalytic theory from which to extend clinical practice with adults, children and families.
The Unit introduces core concepts from Freud's writing and goes on to examine in more detail ideas about psychic development and functioning. It examines more closely psychoanalytic models of assessment, transference and counter-transference, the language of action as opposed to thinking, and the importance of endings. These areas are richly illustrated with clinical material. This unit aims to provide trainees with an understanding of the main concepts and practices in systems theory and therapy.
Theoretical developments and clinical applications of systems theory over the past 30 years are tracked. Systemic approaches, methods and techniques pertaining to several 'schools' of systemic therapy are covered.
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Trainees learn basic systemic skills and techniques via reading, video material and role plays. The focus is on a variety of contexts for individual work, family work and systemic consultation. The aim of this unit is to outline the major psychological disorders and difficulties, critically examine theories relating to their aetiology and outline the conceptualisation of mechanisms of development, maintenance and change.
The unit covers major problems areas depression, psychosis, personality disorders, eating disorders, neuropsychological impairment and examines key sources of influence from a developmental psychopathology perspective: biological factors genetics, psychophysiology, neuropsychology , personal factors cognitive processes, emotion-regulation, defences and coping mechanisms, personality , interpersonal processes attachment, social support, marital harmony, relational violence and contextual factors social disadvantage, cultural influences, prejudice.
The unit also aims to encourage a critical stance when considering causal models of psychological problems and appreciation of the empirical status of such models and their clinical applications. Moreover, the kinds of psychosocial environments that promote both maladaptive and adaptive behaviour will be stressed, insuring that social-cultural and community factors are integrated into the larger picture.
The aim of this module is to provide the conceptual basis for considering the development of adaptive and maladaptive behaviour across the lifespan. First, key principles and theoretical frameworks are presented, providing trainees with robust models for understanding mental health adjustment from childhood through to older age. These frameworks include developmental psychopathology and attachment theory, as well key cognitive, interpersonal and social processes that shape development throughout life.
Following on from earlier teaching on specific mental health problems, the module concentrates on specific disorders and clinical problems that appear during childhood and adolescence, as well as those specific to older age. Finally, teaching in this module will address key stage-salient tasks e. In doing so, the unit will encourage the trainee to look at mental health adjustment as a process that occurs over time, involving an interaction of individual differences, developmental factors and socio-cultural contexts.
This module considers psychological models of disability and ill-health in two separate yet linked units:. The unit is designed to provide an introduction to the diverse roles of clinical psychologists in learning disabilities services and to familiarise trainees with current 'good practice' in this area. The unit introduces trainees to the diverse nature of 'learning disability' and the very diverse needs of individuals with learning disabilities. Service values and philosophies and how these translate into service delivery are considered.
Teaching then provides trainees with an understanding of different psychological approaches to assessment and intervention with this client group in addressing a range of 'typical' difficulties presented by individuals with learning disabilities. This unit is designed to introduce trainees to health psychology, including its theoretical models, evidence base and applications. The unit aims to educate trainees about psychological processes in the experience of, and response to, health and illness. That is, he believed consciousness could be broken down or reduced to its basic elements without sacrificing any of the properties of the whole.
Wundt argued that conscious mental states could be scientifically studied using introspection. He trained psychology students to make observations that were biased by personal interpretation or previous experience, and used the results to develop a theory of conscious thought. Highly trained assistants would be given a stimulus such as a ticking metronome and would reflect on the experience.
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They would report what the stimulus made them think and feel. The same stimulus, physical surroundings and instructions were given to each person. Wundt's method of introspection did not remain a fundamental tool of psychological experimentation past the early 's.
His greatest contribution was to show that psychology could be a valid experimental science. Therefore, one way Wundt contributed to the development of psychology was to do his research in carefully controlled conditions, i. This encouraged other researchers such as the behaviorists to follow the same experimental approach and be more scientific. However, today psychologists e.