The first, Flags of Our Fathers , focused on the men who raised the American flag on top of Mount Suribachi and featured the film debut of Eastwood's son Scott. This was followed by Letters from Iwo Jima , which dealt with the tactics of the Japanese soldiers on the island and the letters they wrote home to family members. Letters from Iwo Jima was the first American film to depict a war issue completely from the view of an American enemy. Eastwood next directed Changeling , based on a true story set in the late s. Angelina Jolie stars as a woman reunited with her missing son only to realize he is an impostor.
Eastwood ended a four-year "self-imposed acting hiatus"  by appearing in Gran Torino , which he also directed, produced and partly scored with his son Kyle and Jamie Cullum.
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Biographer Marc Eliot called Eastwood's role "an amalgam of the Man with No Name, Dirty Harry, and William Munny , here aged and cynical but willing and able to fight on whenever the need arose". Roberts as Ruben Kruger. In , Eastwood directed Hereafter , again working with Matt Damon, who portrayed a psychic. The film had its world premiere on September 12, at the Toronto International Film Festival and had a limited release later in October. In , Eastwood directed J. Edgar , a biopic of FBI director J. Edgar Hoover , with Leonardo DiCaprio in the title role.
Edgar is so shapeless and turgid and ham-handed, so rich in bad lines and worse readings". Robert Lorenz , who worked with Eastwood as an assistant director on several films, directed the film. Everybody wonders why I continue working at this stage. I keep working because there's always new stories. And as long as people want me to tell them, I'll be there doing them. Republicans , who claimed it implied that President Barack Obama deserved a second term. It was meant to be a message about job growth and the spirit of America. The film told the story of the musical group The Four Seasons , and was released on June 20, On May 24, , it was announced that Eastwood's next film will be The Ballad of Richard Jewell a film based on Richard Jewell who was a suspect in the Olympic bombing.
Eastwood will direct and produce the film which had been in development at 20th Century Fox since ; however, for various reasons it was never made. Eastwood will now release the movie through Warner Bros. Eastwood hopes to begin shooting the film in late with casting currently underway. Jonah Hill and Leonardo DiCaprio were originally set to star in the film; however, it appears they will now just serve as producers although there remains a possibility that Hill could star as Jewell.
Beginning with the thriller Play Misty for Me , Eastwood has directed over 30 films, including Westerns, action films, and dramas. He is one of few top Hollywood actors to have also become a critically and commercially successful director. John Ford appeared in just a few silent films; Howard Hawks never acted in movies.
John Wayne directed only twice, and badly; ditto Burt Lancaster. From the very early days of his career Eastwood was frustrated by directors' insistence that scenes be re-shot multiple times and perfected, and when he began directing in , he made a conscious attempt to avoid any aspects of directing he had been indifferent to as an actor. As a result, Eastwood is renowned for his efficient film directing and ability to reduce filming time and control budgets. He usually avoids actors' rehearsing and prefers to complete most scenes on the first take.
When acting in others' films he sometimes takes over directing, such as for The Outlaw Josey Wales , if he believes production is too slow. According to Life magazine, "Eastwood's style is to shoot first and act afterward. He etches his characters virtually without words. He has developed the art of underplaying to the point that anyone around him who so much as flinches looks hammily histrionic. Eastwood's frequent exploration of ethical values has drawn the attention of scholars, who have explored Eastwood's work from ethical and theological perspectives, including his portrayal of justice, mercy, suicide and the angel of death.
Eastwood has been recognized with multiple awards and nominations for his work in film, television, and music. On August 22, , Eastwood was honored at a ceremony at Grauman's Chinese theater to record his hand and footprints in cement. This award honors his entire career and his major contribution to the 7th Art. In February , Eastwood was recognized by President Barack Obama with an arts and humanities award.
Fame Attack: The Inflation of Celebrity and its Consequences by Chris Rojek
Obama described Eastwood's films as "essays in individuality, hard truths and the essence of what it means to be American. Eastwood has also been awarded at least three honorary degrees from universities and colleges, including an honorary degree from the University of the Pacific in , an honorary Doctor of Humane Letters from the University of Southern California on May 27, , and an honorary Doctor of Music degree from the Berklee College of Music at the Monterey Jazz Festival on September 22, Eastwood also has contributed music to his films, either through performing, writing, or composing.
He has mainly starred in western, action, and drama films. Eastwood has had numerous casual and serious relationships of varying length and intensity over his life, many of which overlapped. Between proposing to and marrying Maggie Johnson in , he had an affair that allegedly resulted in a child who was given up for adoption. Johnson and Eastwood eventually divorced. In , actress Sondra Locke began living with Eastwood. She took the relationship seriously and was distraught when she discovered much later that Eastwood continued to have sexual relationships with other women.
During that time, Eastwood had two children, Scott born and Kathryn born with Jacelyn Reeves, a flight attendant. Ruiz and Eastwood's marriage lasted until Eastwood has held a lifelong distaste for tobacco and tobacco companies, and only smokes when required to do so by a film role. He has also been conscious of his health and fitness since he was a teenager, and practices healthy eating and daily Transcendental Meditation.
He is an investor in the world-renowned Pebble Beach Golf Links west of Carmel and donates his time to charitable causes at major tournaments. We moved every four or five months during the first 14 years of my life, so I was sent to a different church depending on wherever we lived.
Most of them were Protestant , but I went to other churches because my parents wanted me to try to figure out things for myself. They always said, 'I just want to expose you to some religious order and see if that's something you like'. So although my religious training was not really specific, I do feel spiritual things. If I stand on the side of the Grand Canyon and look down, it moves me in some way.
It makes the idea of death much less scary. But then again, if you think that nothing happens after you die, maybe it makes you live life better. Maybe you're supposed to do the best you can by the gift you're given of life and that alone. Eastwood has been conscious of his health and fitness since he was a teenager, and practices healthful eating habits. As a young man making a name for himself during the production of Rawhide , Eastwood would be featured in magazines and journals, which often documented his health-conscious lifestyle.
He gave tips on fitness and nutrition, telling people to eat plenty of fruit and raw vegetables, to take vitamins, and to avoid sugar-loaded beverages, excessive alcohol, and overloading on carbohydrates. On July 21, , Eastwood's father died of a heart attack at the age of It had a profound impact on Eastwood's life; from then on he became more productive, working with a greater sense of urgency and with more speed and efficiency on set. He abstained from hard liquor, adopted a more rigorous health regime, and sought to stay fit.
Eastwood has long shown an interest in politics and is a registered Libertarian. He delivered a prime time address at the Republican National Convention , where he drew attention for a speech he delivered to an empty chair representing President Barack Obama. Eastwood is an audiophile and owns an extensive collection of LPs which he plays on a Rockport turntable. He has had a strong passion for music all his life, particularly jazz and country and western music.
Despite his attempts to plug the album by going on a tour, it never reached the Billboard Hot Records -distributed imprint, Malpaso Records, as part of his deal with Warner Brothers. Eastwood favors jazz especially bebop , blues , classic rhythm and blues , classical, and country-and-western music; his favorite musicians include saxophonists Charlie Parker and Lester Young , pianists Thelonious Monk , Oscar Peterson , Dave Brubeck , and Fats Waller , and Delta bluesman Robert Johnson.
Records -distributed imprint Malpaso Records, which has released all of the scores of Eastwood's films from The Bridges of Madison County onward. Malpaso Records has also released the album of a jazz concert he hosted, titled Eastwood after Hours — Live at Carnegie Hall. Edgar , and the original piano compositions for In the Line of Fire. On September 22, , Eastwood was awarded an honorary Doctor of Music degree from the Berklee College of Music at the Monterey Jazz Festival, on which he serves as an active board member.
Upon receiving the award he gave a speech claiming, "It's one of the great honors I'll cherish in this lifetime. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Fame Attack: The Inflation of Celebrity and Its Consequences by Chris Rojek (Paperback, 2011)
This is the latest accepted revision , reviewed on 23 September This article is about the American actor. For other uses, see Clint Eastwood disambiguation. American actor and film director. Maggie Johnson m. Dina Ruiz m. Actor director producer composer businessman politician. Clint Eastwood's voice. Main article: Early life and work of Clint Eastwood. Main article: Clint Eastwood in the s. Main article: List of awards and nominations received by Clint Eastwood.
Main article: Clint Eastwood filmography. Main article: Personal life of Clint Eastwood. Main article: Political life of Clint Eastwood. See also: Clint Eastwood discography. When Steve Kroft asked him "How many do you have? A March People article  mentions in passing that Eastwood has five children. Only four children are acknowledged in Eastwood's October episode of Biography. One was while he was still in high school.
Monterey Herald. Retrieved August 18, The Carmel Pine Cone. February 20, Eastwood opted not to run again for mayor and backed Jean Grace in her successful bid in CBS News. The Sunday Times. May 27, Archived from the original on April 26, May 8, Retrieved June 22, May 15, Dallas Morning News. October 4, September 6, Los Angeles Times. June 16, Retrieved July 11, Box Office Mojo.
Retrieved January 17, The Independent. Archived from the original on April 29, Retrieved August 25, The Guardian. Archived from the original on June 24, Retrieved December 11, Retrieved November 13, CBS Evening News. Archived from the original on July 25, Retrieved August 10, William Morrow and Company. Retrieved July 8, Reader's Digest Australia. Archived from the original on July 26, New York World Journal Tribune. The New York Times. Retrieved January 9, The Indianapolis Star. Indianapolis, IN]. Archived from the original on November 1, Retrieved February 6, The New Republic.
Orange Coast : Retrieved January 13, Archived from the original on September 9, Retrieved September 8, Retrieved January 23, Chicago Sun-Times. Archived from the original on January 16, Archived from the original on June 12, Retrieved November 27, Rotten Tomatoes.
Retrieved May 1, AFI's Years Archived from the original PDF on March 13, Retrieved March 8, October 23, Retrieved July 23, September 21, Archived from the original on April 2, Pubsun Corp. Roger Ebert's movie home companion. Andrews and McMeel. American Film Institute. Archived from the original on June 5, Archived from the original on July 6, Retrieved July 28, The Washington Post. Archived from the original on March 4, Archived from the original on March 27, Archived from the original on September 19, Retrieved January 30, Retrieved February 16, Retrieved January 10, The New Zealand Herald.
March 2, Archived from the original on January 21, Retrieved July 25, Retrieved September 4, Retrieved November 25, Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Archived from the original on March 1, FOX News.
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Archived from the original on February 4, Retrieved January 11, Golden Globe". Archived from the original on March 21, Retrieved March 19, December 14, Archived from the original on May 30, Hollywood Foreign Press Association. Retrieved February 20, Archived from the original on January 20, Celebrity is a site of celebration and derogation in any culture: these public individuals are truly exalted and given a status beyond others, but they are also ridiculed for their believed-to-be unearned credentials for having such a public platform and voice.
Moreover, the study of celebrity and public persona is also an investigation into the connection between the populace and these public personalities, where parasocial relations most evident in fandom identify how celebrities embody audiences with an affective connection that is truly powerful in contemporary culture. That power of embodiment and connection that celebrities possess is subsequently exploited by the media industries to promote and sell new connected cultural products.
Identifying celebrities as part of a spectrum of public personas links the study of celebrity to the investigation of the celebrated and famed in a variety of professions and fields well beyond entertainment. Thus, the term persona is used in these studies of public personalities to acknowledge the mask that is deployed to present a public version of the self for this external consumption and reading by an audience, a collective, a network, a nation, a citizenry, or a community.
Research into public personas has led to related studies of political leadership, self-branding, notoriety in business, and reputation management, and research delves into the presentation of the public self by greater portions of the populace in online cultures. Celebrity and public persona is a field in which research aims to investigate the significance and meaning of various versions of the public self in both contemporary culture and historically.
Book-length studies of celebrity serve as the principal texts in the field. Marshall represents one of the first academic efforts to define the dimensions of celebrity and celebrity culture in its movement between and among cultural forms as well as its translation into politics. This work provides insights into the relationship of celebrity to consumer culture and democracy. Equally powerful in shaping the field is Braudy , a work that maps fame over the course of human history. Gamson has been instrumental in further exploring the fan-star relation and how that relation intersects with the various cultural industries viscerally: this research has led to the extensive work on parasocial and gossip structures that celebrity culture initiates.
An increasing number of monographs have been devoted to celebrity in the 21st century; the strongest efforts in this area have emerged from cultural studies via Turner and through sociology in Rojek Both authors have moved the analysis of contemporary celebrity beyond a deep textual analysis into wider notions of what can be described as not quite a political economy of celebrity but rather an industrial analysis that helps in understanding the shifts in cultural power and representation that celebrity culture articulates. Braudy, Leo. New York: Vintage. The most definitive historical reading of fame that traces its manifestations from Alexander through monarchical fame and representative power and into the performance culture that emerged in the 18th century and continues today.
First published in Dyer, Richard, and Paul McDonald. London: BFI. Gamson, Joshua. Claims to fame: Celebrity in contemporary America. Berkeley: Univ. A brilliant resource in its movement from text to industry to audience in its structure. Para-Social Relations 9. The Icarus Complex Rejecting elite or taste-based dismissals of celebrity, this a brave and nuanced confrontation of the downside of contemporary celebrity as a cultural formation.
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